In Albania there is no support and cooperation in the innovation sector: only less than 6% of medium-small companies, in fact, that invest in the sector rely on public funds.
Funds that for the most part are not allocated by the Albanian government, but rather by the European Union (around 85% of the total). The data comes from the National Statistics Institute (Instat), which conducted its first analysis in this sector during the three-year period 2016-2018.
The Instat data
Instat's investigation concerned the production of optical, electronic, IT, telecommunications, information technology services and service activities of the latter.
The results of the survey show that only the 47% of companies "proved to be innovative", in terms of creating a product, process, organizational or marketing method, new or significantly improved. The percentage (47%) of innovative companies is rather low if we consider that the survey was conducted on companies in which innovation represents a fundamental part of business success.
The reasons for this low percentage are also included in the publication of Instat: the 73,5% of respondents believe that high costs are the main obstacle to innovation. On the other hand, the lack of financial support in terms of public funds for the sector certainly does not promote innovation for small and medium enterprises.
The few companies that benefit from public funds are mostly supported by the European Union (around 85% of the total), with the Albanian government only in second place.
Another characteristic of the Albanian innovative market is the low level of cooperation depending on the sector: the cooperation indicator in Albania is very low, with less than 20% of companies collaborating with other companies, institutions or universities for the realization of activities to promote innovation.
The innovation activity of companies is inversely proportional to their size: the 95,6% of innovative companies, in fact, are composed of 1-9 employees, for 4% they are composed of 10-49 employees while only for the remaining 4% from more than 49 employees.
On average, 8,7% of the interviewed innovative companies were part of a corporate group, while the 40,3% had their headquarters outside the Albanian borders.
Albania lagging behind in Europe
According to the Global Innovation Index, (GII) presented by the UN World Intellectual Property Organization (Wipo) in India's capital New Delhi last summer, Switzerland is confirmed as the most innovative country in the world, followed by Sweden, USA, Holland and Great Britain. Italy it only places 30esima in the GII Index, even if it dates back to a position with respect to the 2018
Albania has been included in the83th position, last in Europe behind the other Western Balkan countries such as Macedonia, Serbia, Bosnia and Montenegro