The population of Albania will age at a very rapid pace over the next three decades.
The United Nations (UN) in the 2017 has updated global population statistics, thus predicting that the average age of the Albanian population will reach the 2055 age of 50,6 years from the 36,2 average years of the 2015.
Going back further, in the 1950, the average age of the Albanian population was 21 years, because due to the end of the Second World War there was a boom in births in all European countries, including Albania.
Today, on the other hand, the average age is expected to increase steadily. According to the scenario dictated by the UN study, the average age will reach 41,5 years - or the average European age - in the 2030.
According to the Albanian Statistics Institute (Instat), moreover, the youth-adult value index has come down from the 53 children every adult 100 of the 1989, to 32 children every adult 100 of the 2011. The picture was subsequently worsened by the 2011 census, where it was observed that the number of elderly was more than doubled, from 8 to 18 each adult 100.
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All this is explained by the strong youth emigration (from the 18 to the 35 years) of recent years, the main cause of the aging of the population.
Theoretically, in the coming years, the ratio of young adults should decrease at a similar rate compared to the growing adult-elderly relationship in the coming years: the forecast for the 2021 is that the number of young adults per 100 adult is 25, while that is of the elders of 23. Value, the latter, which should increase to 30 within the 2031, causing a consequent aging of the entire population that will change the demographic structure of the entire country.
The demographic pyramid, in fact, will expand upwards: the generation born in the post-World War II boom period will go to retirement age and the 90 generation, on the other hand, will pass into "adult" age.
The latter will be replaced in their youthful age by other generations, which, however, are much less numerous - also here due mostly to the strong emigration - than the others explaining in this way the expansion towards top of the demographic pyramid.
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