The National Institute of Statistics (INSTAT) published for the first time a study concerning the Albanian diaspora in numerical terms.
This study was carried out on the basis of assessments made during the 2018. According to published data, the number of Albanians in the diaspora amounts to about 1,6 million people: in other words, the 36% of total Albanians live outside the Land of Eagles.
The publication is part of the national strategy for the diaspora, which aims to assess the number of the Albanian diaspora based on the basic demographic and social characteristics.
The history of the Albanian diaspora
The oldest Albanian communities in the world are the Arbëreshs in Italy and the Arvanites in Greece. The former managed to preserve their identity over the centuries, while the latter are in the final phase of their assimilation into Greek culture.
Subsequently, the Albanian communities also arrived in Egypt, Turkey, the United States, Belgium, Australia and in many other countries.
The Arbëresh in Italy
The Arbëresh represent the oldest Albanian community and also the most faithful, since they have preserved the traditional national from generation to generation for five centuries.
It is difficult to know the total number of Arbëreshs in Italy today. However, according to some data, we know that after the death of the hero Giorgio Castriota Scanderbeg, 200.000 Albanians settled in southern Italy, where there are now about a hundred Arbëresh villages, scattered between Puglia, Basilicata, Campania and Sicily.
The Albanians of Egypt
The first Albanian communities in Egypt date back to the early 18th century, with the establishment of Mehmet Ali Pasha in Egypt. The latter's dynasty led Egypt for about 150 years, from the 1805 to the 1952.
Since most of them were part of the militias, some of them also spread to other areas such as Palestine, Syria, Lebanon, Libya, Yemen and Sudan. This is evidenced by the descendants of many families of Albanian origins who live there today with the surname Arnauti or El-Albani.
The Albanians of America
The number of diaspora in the United States has increased, especially in recent years, although it is not possible to know an exact estimate since most of them have moved to the USA with passports from other nations, such as Yugoslavia, Turkey and Greece.
The Albanians of Turkey
There is no doubt that the largest number of Albanians have moved to Turkey throughout history. They have settled in different cities, from Istanbul to Izmir, passing through Bursa, Ankara, Kajser and many other cities.
There are about 1,5 million Albanians who have moved to Turkey over the years, a number that today - following the natural course of events - should be increased to 6,2 million.
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