This is the gender pay discrimination, or the difference between the remuneration of men and women. In Albania it is slightly higher than 10% if we consider the gross hourly wage for the same use.
When we talk about "Gender Pay Gap" or "Gender Salary Gap" we mean the difference between the remuneration of men and women for equal roles and duties. It is an index, therefore, that measures gender pay discrimination.
The Gender Pay Gap in Albania
During the 2018, theindicator of the gender pay gap in Albania showed one difference of 10,7%, which means that women are paid on average 10,7% less than men.
An article in the Albanian business magazine also reveals this Monitor, which incorporates the data made available by theINSTAT (the Albanian Statistics Institute, ed). In relation to this indicator, Albania ranks seventh in the general ranking of EU Member States.
In the 2014, the first year in which the INSTAT published the data on this indicator, the gap between a woman's salary and that of a man was 10%. The inequality was then accentuated in the 2015 and in the 2016, when the indicator stood at 11,47% and 11,44% respectively.
The situation in the European Union
The gender pay gap shows the difference between a man's and a woman's gross salary. According to an estimate by EUROSTAT, it is as if women worked free for two months each year compared to a male. In other words, in the EU, women receive 84 cents for every euro paid to a man.
Eurostat has estimated that there has been little progress in reducing this gap in recent years. According to the data reported, the lowest pay gap is registered in Romania, with a percentage at 3,5. Luxembourg and Italy follow with 5%, then Belgium with 6%, Poland with 7,2% and Slovenia with 8%.
Estonia is the country with the highest pay gap. Here the difference between a man's and a woman's salary is 25,6%. Also in the United Kingdom, Germany and the Czech Republic, the gender pay gap is estimated to be higher than 20%.
In the European Union, according to Eurostat, the average gender pay gap is estimated at 16%.
A distorted labor market
The gender pay gap is an indicator of global labor inequality between women and men.
In countries where the employment rate is low, the pay gap should be lower than the average. By contrast, the high wage gap is usually characteristic of a labor market in which women are concentrated in certain sectors / professions, or where a significant percentage of women work part-time.