In Albania around 37% of employees work informally. The World Bank - in collaboration with the Vienna Institute - in the 2019 report on employment trends in the Western Balkans, highlighted that the number of informal workers in recent years has increased, especially in Albania and Northern Macedonia .
In the period from the second quarter of the 2017 and the second quarter of the 2018, the number of informal workers has recorded an increase of 10.600 people in Albania and 12.800 people in Northern Macedonia; while, on the other hand, this indicator showed a great decrease in Serbia (-30.000 people).
Nevertheless, the ratio of informal workers to total number of workers remained unchanged also in Albania and Northern Macedonia, due to the greater growth registered by the number of new total occupations.
Regarding this last indicator, a particularly positive trend characterized Albania from the 2015 (when the campaign against informality began in the country): then informality represented the 50% of total employment, while in the second quarter of the 2018 is dropped to 37%.
However, the Land of Eagles continues to have one of the highest levels of informality in the Balkans. In Albania, one in three people work illegally, and this trend is driven by those who work independently (around 50% of the total).
The consequences of informal work
Informal work will have serious consequences for the people in question in the future. In fact, a partial report from the social security institution showed that these people will receive a minimum or no pension.
This possibility mainly includes the agricultural sector, where informal work is often not a voluntary choice but lack of productivity in the sector. In most cases, the agricultural work of families continues to be undeclared, thus leaving workers in this sector at great risk of ending up in poverty.
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