Attend university in the European Union. Whether it is a springboard to then look for work or to have an experience of personal growth, whether it is a cycle of studies or a few months, the numbers show us that more and more Albanian students are choosing this path.
Just in 2018 2587 of them chose to enroll in university ofEuropean Union.
According to a Eurostat report that shows the evolution of the presence of Albanians in the EU from 2009 to 2018, mobility towards the Union boomed in 2009, then dropped and returned to growth in 2017 and 2018.
Students enrolled in Europe from 2009 to 2018 (source: Eurostat)
Germany: the new trend
Attending German universities is the new trend for young Albanians, while Italy loses positions.
But why Germany? The answer can be traced back to a mix made up of job placement opportunities, welfare and quality of life. Knowing the German language and having attended university in Germany is considered a quid even if you then choose to return to Albania or move elsewhere.
2016 is the year of overtaking on the beautiful country: Germany becomes the first destination country for Albanian students, with 407 new visas issued for study, leaving Italy behind with its 321 new visas. Eurostat data tell us that the gap has widened in recent years and in 2018 30% of Albanian students going abroad chose Germany, while only 20% came to study in Italy. Starting from these data, we are able to provide below a table of permits issued for study reasons, which show precisely this growing affection for Germany at the expense of Italy. We note, however, that second-generation Albanians living in Italy and who may have chosen to study in Germany without going through the visas issued in Albania and - increasingly incisively given - Albanians with Italian citizenship escape from Eurostat statistics.
Albanian students enrolled in Germany vs. Italy (Source: Eurostat)
Albanian students in Italy
There are 114.240 students with Albanian citizenship who, in the 2017/2018 school year, attended Italian schools of all levels, equal to 1,3% of the overall student population, made up of 8.664.000 students. Albania therefore ranks second after Romania.
These are the data contained in the statistical analysis published by MIUR (Italian Ministry of Education, University and Research) in July 2019.
The report highlights that, out of the total number of students with Albanian citizenship, the percentage of those born in Italy (second generation) is 74,5% (85.144 students), which is constantly growing as is natural for a community that has started to settle in Italy for about 30 years.
The university: students from Albania and the second generations
There are 1436 Albanian freshmen in Italy in the 2018/2019 academic year. Eurostat data speak of 526 students who arrived from Albania on a study visa. For the rest, MIUR comes to our aid. From its ranking for non-Italian university students we learn that 910 are Albanian students born or raised in Italy, who enter the university directly after the completion of the other study cycles: our second generations, who outnumbered the students coming from Albania. The presence of these two groups over the years is clearly seen in the table below, obtained by crossing the data of Eurostat and those of the MIUR.
Students enrolled in Italy from 2010 to 2018 (Source: Eurostat, Miur)
(arrived from Albania with a study visa, students who directly access the university since they were born or raised in Italy)
Another interesting fact is that of gender, with 66% of females and only 34% of males. The number of female students compared to male colleagues increases, although the former were in the majority even in past years.
The chosen courses of study are mainly those which give greater certainty of employment. The one with the highest number of members is "Industrial and Information Engineering", follows "Economy". The third in the ranking deserves a speech, "Languages", a faculty suitable for bringing out the potential of young Albanians, who often learn multiple languages from an early age. In fourth place another profession that offers ease of employment is that of "Doctor and Social-Healthcare worker".
Study in Europe: the case of the Albanian students
Notes on the authors
Olti Buzi he is the editorial director of Albania News. From 2011 to 2017 he was consultant for the construction of a service center for Albanian universities implemented by Cineca
Geri Ballo she is a scholar. In 2019 was published her study on the Second Generations in Europe, published by FEPS - Foundation for European Progressive Studies.