In Albania, both the birth rate and natural population growth have declined, but our country is still characterized by a positive natural birth rate, where births continue to exceed deaths.
That is, unlike most European Union countries, the growth rate (as a ratio between the natural balance, difference between live and dead births, and the average population of the year), is positive.
According to the Albanian Institute of Statistics (Instat), "In 2019, 28.561 children were born, down 1,3% compared to 2018".
The natural population growth which includes the number of births in relation to deaths also decreased by 7,1%, compared to a year earlier.
During 2019, only four regions of Albania experienced an increase in the number of births compared to 2018, while another eight decreased. The largest number of births for 2019 is registered in the prefecture of Tirana , with 9.321 births, while the lowest number of births is recorded in the prefecture of Gjirokastra , with 506 births. According to ISTAT, the largest increase in the birth rate in 2019 compared to 2018 was recorded in the Kukes district with 15,9%.
The natural population growth in Albania is 2,5, and is higher than that of some countries in the region such as Montenegro (1.2), North Macedonia (0,8), Serbia (-5,4).
While Kosovo, among the countries in the region, has the highest rate of 10,3 per thousand inhabitants.
Emigration and falling fertility endanger the country.
According to the government decree, from 1 January 2019, each new mother has a fee of 40.000 lek (about 328 euros) for her first child, 80.000 lek (about 556 euros) for the second and 120.000 lek (about 987 euros) for the third.
For the new mothers of twins, however, a fee of 80.000 lek will be paid for each child, while for the new mothers of three or more twins will receive a fee of 120.000 lek for each newborn.
In addition, mothers (of Albanian citizenship) of children born abroad can also benefit from the birth allowance, who are according to the legal terms in the register of civil status within the established terms.