A study recently published by the International Monetary Fund on the redistribution of unpaid work gives Albanian citizens a world record.
In fact, Albania is the first in the world in terms of unpaid labor in relation to gross domestic product. In the Land of Eagles this value amounts to approximately 60% of national production, more than any other country in the world.
The world average is about half that of the Albanian, or the 34% of gross domestic products. The 60% of Albania translates into approximately 8 billion per year considering the actual GDP data for the 2018: this is the total value of unpaid work carried out by Albanian citizens.
What is meant by unpaid or unpaid work? It means any type of work performed that does not translate into monetary remuneration and that for the most part, especially in Albania, refers to domestic work.
However, also voluntary activities for associations (organized volunteering), help offered to relatives and acquaintances who do not live in the same household (informal volunteering), are part of this category.
In other reports, as in that of the ILO (the international labor organization), Albania is the first in Europe and second in the world in terms of domestic work for women and girls (6-8 hours a day), while for men the average is slightly less than an hour. In this sense, the IMF talks about unpaid 5 hours a day for women in Albania.
The more unpaid hours are, the lower the per capita GDP and, consequently, less unpaid hours equals higher per capita GDP. At the macroeconomic level, the volume of unpaid work per year is calculated and its monetary value is estimated in relation to national GDP.
For Albania, if all the unpaid work had monetary remuneration, the country's economy - as well as per capita GDP - would be the 60% higher than the current one.