It begins in February of the same year through the volleyball girls and always ends with the volleyball players twenty years later and again in February.
Indeed, the third part of the study is oriented, in the first chapter, in correcting a wrong historiography, repeated for forty years and passing, and which has hidden some questions of primary importance. The absolute debut of women in European Cups in the sign of 17 Nëntori Tiranë In the 1967 the 17 [Shtatëmbëdhjetë] Nëntori Tiranë won his 13 ° national title on 22 disputed championships, and the Komitet Olimpik Kombëtar Shqiptar considered the company worthy and mature to debut internationally in the European season 1968-69.
In fact, the Albanian national volleyball championship 1967-68 was not disputed since the Federation modified the M&F calendars according to the Western autumn-spring system to get rid of Soviet models even in the sports field. The 1967 tournament had continued in the spring-summer-autumn of that year, and the next one started in the autumn 1968 to end in the 1969 spring. In order not to interrupt the competitive course it was however, in the 1968, held the Cup of the Republic won for women by 17 Nëntori, and for men by Dinamo.
So for the first time ever, an Albanian women's club team presented itself at a European event: the Champions Cup (from the 2000-01 Champions League). In the first round the Turks of Fenerbahçe İstanbul forfeited, and in the second round the Tiranese found themselves in front, in February 1969, the very strong Romanian of Rapid Bucharest and were defeated with a double 3-0. The 17 Nëntori also won the 14 championship in the 1968-69 and entered the 1969-70 Champions Cup. Things immediately began to look complicated.
At that time the International Volleyball Federation was organizing the European cups (from the 1973 the CEV sets them up, founded that year). The FIVB held a first draw for the round of 16: Akademik Sofia-Fenerbahçe İstanbul and 17 Nëntori-NIM / SE Budapest. At the time of the draw the Akademik withdrew in the presence of the Turks, and the World Federation reshuffled the cards, facing Albanians and Turks: in this way the Hungarians were favored against the Bulgarians already withdrawn: the NIM / SE qualified with a the piloted package and the Turks were denied qualification after the Bulgarian pass. The Tiranais honored the commitment by eliminating, this time on the field and at large, the Fenerbahçe for 3-0 in Tirana and 3-2 in Constantinople in February 1970 (I remember that the same team in the 2012 won the Champions League). But the 17 Nëntori did not reach the quarters, but the Fenerbahçe, since the Federated Shqiptare and Lojërave (Vollejboll) the day after the qualification he declared that he did not want to play against CSKA Moscow in the following round.
The first urban legend, due to a misplaced chronology for forty years, has repeated that the 17 Nëntori had met Rapid Bucharest in the quarterfinals in the 1969-70. This was done in order not to inform the public of the flat rate against the Soviets: in practice, a game of the 1968-69 Champions' Cup was transported here one year.
The second relates to the invented participation in the 1970-71 Champions Cup. The 17 Nëntori was not taken out by the Hungarian champions of the NIM / SE Budapest for three reasons. A) The meeting against the Hungarians was not held already the year before for the aforementioned questions; B) The NIM / SE itself did not join the 70-1, as the Újpesti Dózsa Budapest champion of Hungary 1969-70. C) The 17 Nëntori could not participate in that edition, as it was the Student Tiranë, champion of Albania 1969-70 (which did not take part in the 70-1). To wait for the next title, the 17 Nëntori (later SK Tirana) would have to wait well 23 years, in which the star of the Dynamo of Ela Tase would have shone at home and in the Old Continent at the highest levels.
Dinamo Tirana: sensational debut and immediately after the first final Dinamo's international debut took place in the 1978-79 Champions Cup. The first phase was overcome by the withdrawal of Post SV Vienna. The eighth place it in the presence of the strong team of Slavia Bratislava who in the 1975-76 had won the Cup Winners' Cup (now CEV Cup). The Albanians excelled 3-1 in the Carpathians (15-13 15-8 13-15 15-7) the 9 December 1978; but a week later in Tirana, when the transition to the quarters seemed safe, the Slavia imposed itself for 3-1 (15-9 14-16 15-9 15-9), for too much security of the Albanians (who failed to do one more point after securing the second set!), and the Slavia passed the turn for 102-101 with the same set!
The subsequent 1979-80 participation ushered in the golden decade. The German-German SV Schwerte (3-1 and 3-0 in Tirana; 8-15 December 1979) and the favorites of 2000Uno Bari (1-3 and 3-0 in Tirana; 9-16 February 1980). The defeat of the Italians (who lined up the Romanian Rodica Pola and the Bulgarian Ilijana Petkova), completely unexpected for an audience completely unaware of the successes of the Albanian sport, was preceded and followed by interesting comments. Pino Montagna reported the 6 February 1980 on “La Gazzetta del Mezzogiorno”, on the eve of the outward journey: «The characteristics of Dinamo are: excellent physical and technical preparation; great determination and stubbornness especially in the difficult moments of a game; well organized defense especially in the walls; rather powerful attack force.
All this comes from very hard training: in fact the Albanian athletes, despite being students, workers, etc., enjoy, according to the state legislation, a reduced working time that allows them the best possible preparation. Examining the individual players we must immediately talk about Ela Tase (21 years), a real natural talent, endowed with an elegant elevation (3 meters) and a powerful dunk (a real puller of the team): she usually works as a spiker from there".
Carlo Gagliardi, two days later on the same newspaper: «Dinamo in the two training sessions held in Bari showed an excellent athletic preparation and a general technical background (the impression we had watching the training is a complete training , with excellent fundamentals and with players all on the same high level).
So the task of the Italian champions is really very difficult ». Still Gagliardi from Tirana after the elimination (GdM, 16 December): «The Albanians, who just returned home were“ disappeared ”from the scene to find themselves in a retreat in Durres, they played a great game, in which they did not make a mistake practically nothing: very precise reception, ready and effective walls, attacks often really impregnable. It is fair to say that it would have been very difficult to be able to snatch the set that would have allowed the Bari team to qualify ».
From the "Corriere della Sera" of the December 16: "The dream of 2000Uno Bari did not last long." A team like Dinamo - says Radogna, the coach of the Bari - is undoubtedly of the first place. For this reason, despite our elimination, we head out from this double confrontation with the Albanians ”. In fact, Dinamo has once again demonstrated that it is a very strong team ». The Albanians arrived at the Czechoslovak final of Jicín (7-9 March).
After a defeat with the hosts of the Rúda Hvezda Bratislava (who won the European Cup in the 1975-76 and of that year, in addition to the Cup Winners' Cup in the 1978-79), Dinamo dryly passed 3-0 the NIM / SE Budapest (former European champion 1972-73). Only an unpopular defeat against the then outsider Turkish of Eczacıbaşı İstanbul (later winners of the 1998-99 Cup Winners' Cup) deprived Dinamo of second or third place: they came second on equal points with Eczacıbaşı and NIM / SE but were diverted to fourth place by set point quotient: 0,651 against 0,827 of the Hungarians and 0,858 of the Turks! The Albanian athletes are the protagonists: Tatjana Aliko, Eva Duni, Lulëzime Duka, Emona Gripshi, Eva Kavaja, Mimoza Ibrahimi, Irini Iftiu, Fatmira Podgorica, Flora Pushaj, Ela Tase, Silva Turdiu; coaches: Kreshnik Tartari and Ilir Cirinaku.
In the 1980-81 edition, Dinamo the 13-20 December 1980 in the second round defeated the Basel Uni with a double 3-0. In the quarter-finals he surrendered in the presence of the German-eastern forts of SC Traktor Schwerin (winners of the 1974-75 Cup Winners 'Cup and 1977-78 Champions' Cup) with 2-3 at home and 0-3 away (10-18 January 1981 ). Lohhof: the scandal without precedent in the world I express the conviction that it was the greatest sports scandal of all time; not because there have not been worse, but as the only one to have taken place in the light of the sun, without shame and in defiance of the regulations! Read here .
Ithe achievement of the second final and the debut of the Skënderbeu The continuation of the 1980s was full of great satisfactions. In the 1982-83 Champions Cup, after passing the first round due to the withdrawal of SC ÖMV Blau-Gelb Vienna, Dinamo took the satisfaction of the revenge against the Turks of Eczacıbaşı İstanbul (second in the Champions 1979-80 for points quotient) set), tearing up the 4-12 December 1982 both in Albania, in less than an hour (15-4 15-3 15-1) and in their home (15-12 16-14 15-8). In the following round they were eliminated from Vasas Budapest (that year vice-champions of Europe, as well as winners of the Cup of Cups 1979-80 and 1980-81). In the 1983-84, Dinamo was again eliminated by SC Traktor Schwerin.
In the 1984-85 the withdrawal of the Cypriot of the APOEL Limassol, put in front the Dinamo against the Olimpia-Teodora Ravenna, the 1-8 December 1984. It was in Italy that, in practice, the Albanians were eliminated, after being defeated for 20-18 in the interminable second set (partial 7-9, and 8-10 in the first lost for 15-10), for a final 3-0 . He wrote "La Gazzetta dello Sport" on December 2: "Dinamo Tirana has confirmed to Ravenna that it is an excellent team, strong against the wall and above all phenomenal in defense on the ground. Also in Albania there will undoubtedly be a highly spectacular match like that of Ravenna ». And so it was.
In Tirana, Dinamo won for 3-1 (9-15 15-7 15-12 15-5). The "Corriere dello Sport / Stadio", the 9 December greeted the qualification of the Ravenna team with these words: "The Teodora Ravenna was admitted to the second round of the Women's Champions Cup. The Italians, the first in Western Europe to eliminate the Albanians! ». Three years later the Olimpia would have won the Champions Cup in the 1987-88. The following season the 1985-86 debuted in the European Cup the Skënderbeu Korçë, who in the 1984-85 was back in possession of the national title which he did not win from the 1972-73.
The inexperienced athletes of Coriza gave life to a test of great dignity against the Polish Czarni Słupsk sailors who took the first leg for 3-0 (many house players made up the national team that 28 days before had come seventh at the European Championships in Arnhem ). At the "24 Ottobre" building, the Skënderbeu went so far as to beat 9 November 1985 for 3-1 (9-15 15-9 15-5 15-3). The victory has particular significance and importance since the Poles arrived even in the final against CSKA Moscow, Olimpia Ravenna and Dynamo Berlin (east).
The names of these heroic fighters deserve to be remembered: Emanuela Axhani, Anila Burda, Eva Duni, N. Hatibi, Mimoza Ibrahimi, Prenda Ismaili, Mimoza Mati, Egla Miço, Brunilda Tasho; coach Pandi Gëllçi. In the following season Dinamo returned, but in the Cup Winners' Cup, as in the Champions the Skënderbeu, after regaining the national 1985-86 title, preferred not to participate. In the 1986-87 Cup Winners' Cup, Dinamo reached the final after winning six games out of six and lost just one set. Let's see the path.
First round: Dinamo Tiranë-Olympiakos Nicosia (Cyp) 3-0 3-0 (2-9 November 1986); round of 16: Dinamo Tiranë-Uni Lausanne (Svi) 3-0 3-0 (6-13 December 1986); quarter-finals: Mladost Zagreb (Jug) -Dinamo Tiranë 0-3 1-3 (14-21 January 1987). Dinamo refused to compete in the Smyrna four-man final for the presence of the Soviets of the Komunalnik Minsk, together with Pallavolo-Nelsen Reggio Emilia and the German-federalists of SG JDZ Feuerbach (the Yugoslavs took over).
The unbeaten Albanians: Agi Babuli, Merita Berisha, S. Budo, Alketa Doçi, Lulëzime Duka, Mimoza Ibrahimi, E. Koja, Dorina Nishku, Jorgjeta Qirici, Ela Tase, Fausta Toska, Majlinda Xhufi; coaches: Kreshnik Tartari, Eva Kavaja. The path to the splendid apogee: the third final Since the 1987, Dinamo returned to the national title and until the 1991 won both the Championship and the Republic Cup for a total of 10 tournaments in five years, plus the 1989 National Spartachiade the 27 October in the decisive match against Traktori Lushnjë (3- 0).
An absolute power of play that would have had great international echoes a few months later. We proceed with order. In the 1987-88 season the Albanian teams did not sign up: Dinamo gave up the Champions and the Skënderbeu at the Cups to be able to better prepare for future continental competitions and to better calibrate generational changes. We must always bear in mind that despite Albania then boasted high level results in volleyball, weightlifting, shooting, chess, and discreet also in football, basketball and athletics (besides the fact that all other sports were practiced at level of national championships) - the population in the 1990 was estimated at less than 3,3 million inhabitants: ie less than that of the Province of Rome (at that time over 3,5 million).
So only great sacrifices and continuous and regular training could keep the name of the homeland high in international sport. Subsequently, the Partizani for the 1988-89 and the 1989-90 and the Traktori at the 1991-92 would not be presented at the Cup Winners' Cup: all clubs behind Dinamo in the Republic Cups 1988, 1989 and 1991.
Unfortunately it happened to read in the Italian press, and not only, that the Albanian absences were due to political isolationism, xenophobia, or other such amenities: all this from people in bad faith or, at best, completely ignorant about it! Dinamo returned, inter alia, to the 1988-89 edition of the Champions Cup and the 13 November 1988 was eliminated in the first round by the Romanian Universitatea Craiova. The music only changed 357 days later. The 5 November 1989 Dinamo began the triumphal march towards its third final. And he was the only one of the four from Forlì to meet in the previous rounds all national champions of Eastern Europe, known for their technical and athletic strength. They were thrown out one by one. Let's start.
First round (5-12 November 1989): BKS Stal Bielsko-Biała (Poland) -Dinamo 1-3 2-3, vindicated the Skënderbeu 1985-86. Round of 16 (2-10 December 1989): Dynamo Berlin (East Germany) -Dinamo 3-1 0-3 (sharply: 8-15, 10-15 9-15); the Berlin team had won the Cups of the Cups 1977-78, 1983-84 and 1984-95, in addition to being twice European champion (1963-64 and 1964-65) and seven times in third place ( 1972-73, 1973-74, 1978-79, and from the 1985-86 the year before). Quarter-finals (18-25 January 1990): Dinamo-Dinamo Bucharest (Romania) 3-1 1-3 (points difference: 98-92); considerable proof, as the Albanians conquered the qualification away.
On the same day as the beginning of the Forlì final (23-25 February 1990), I underlined the historic event of a meeting between the Albanian and Soviet clubs with an article that appeared in the Milanese sports newspaper. On Monday 26 February on N. 17 of "Sporti popullor", in the article "Dinamo and 3-ta në Evropë", Kastriot Ahmati wrote: "[...] Gazeta më and Italian sports madhe, and përditshmja" La Gazzetta dello Sport "në një shkrim te firmosur nga njohësi i sportit shqiptar John Armillotta, me penelata të shpejta portretizonte kampionen tonë në veprimtaritë kombëtare and ndërkombëtare, udhën and saj ndër vit ». The official re-establishment of Albania-USSR diplomatic relations was the 30 July 1990, once the Soviet Union admitted its responsibilities.
In the first meeting Dinamo lost against the unbeatable Soviet of Uraločka Sverdlovsk, former European champions 1980-81, 1981-82, 1982-83, 1986-87 and 1988-89 and then 1993-94 and 1994-95; as well as winners of the 1985-86 Cup Winners' Cup. In the second he had to succumb to the landlords of Olimpia-Teodora Ravenna, already European champions 1987-88 and again 1991-92. In the third meeting, out of the technical miracles of the Soviets (many of them won the 1 September 1990 women's world championship title) and from the environmental factor that had supported the Italians, Dinamo won the bronze medal defeating the French Racing Paris for 3-1 (15-11 3-15 16-14 15-5).
Alketa Doçi was first in the points standings with 65, tied with the Soviet Irina Smirnova-Ilčenko, shortly thereafter world champion. And at that moment it occurred to me the February 1961 when the Stade Français Paris, not to be eliminated by the Partizani, in the men's Champions Cup, refused to play in Tirana clinging to absurd excuses, supported in this by the Soviet-controlled FIVB. We remember the girls of that time: Agi Babuli, Merita Berisha, Alketa Doçi, Mimoza Ibrahimi, Gentiana Kambo, Dorina Nishku, Jorgjeta Qirici, Ela Tase, Ogerta Tole, Majlinda Xhufi; coaches: Kreshnik Tartari, Eva Kavaja.
At the dawn of the 26 February 1990, Dinamo numbered in twelve years: 28 wins and 18 defeats, equal to 14 qualifiers (of which three in the final) and 6 eliminations. The occamo of Dinamo With the 1990 the successes of the women's volleyball do not end, of which we will deal in the fourth part, but for a series of circumstances due to the rapid political changes that took place in the early Nineties, and for the subsequent lack of state contributions that guaranteed the confirmation of the successes since then, the sunset of the great Tirana team began to announce itself very soon.
In the 1990-91 Champions Cup to a good start - where the Czechoslovakians of Královopolská Brno (1-3 out and 3-0 at home, 1-8 December 1990) were outdone - Dinamo lost the train for the fourth final, finishing defeat - against all odds - from the Dutch of Sneek's True OS for 0-3 and 3-1 in Tirana (16-23 January 1991). Participation in the 1991-92 - where some of the strongest players left or retired from the business - was forgotten: out in the round of 16 against the German CJD Feuerbach Stuttgart (double 3-0 at home and abroad: 8- 15 December 1992).
From that moment on, Dinamo finished, and to honor the chronicles, register the last participation in the European Cup, the 1995-96, when - adopted the absurd name of Olimpik (later rejected) - Dinamo was eliminated by the Vrilission Athens with double 3-0 (8-10 December 1995, both in the Greek capital). The year of the Teuta The 1992 year begins with a novelty: the 29 February for the first time the company of Durres, the Teuta (ex Lokomotiva), wins the Cup of the Republic after twelve years of domination of Dinamo. It is an important event for the Adriatic city as, in the 1999-2000, the Teuta will also win, and for the first time, the Men's Volleyball Republic Cup, and will complete the cycle of victories in the four most important volleyball events (the first title in the men's volleyball was of the 1946, and in the feminine in the 1949).
Durres and Tirana are still the only Albanian cities to be present in the four golden books. In the Champions 1992-93 returned the Sportklub Tiranë (ex 17 Nëntori) after 22 years, but was defeated in a going-return, both in Vienna, from Post SV with double 3-0 (second round: 14-15 December 1992) . But let's go to the durazzesche “daredevils” who, unlike the Tiranesi colleagues, preferred not to dispute the outgoing-return away guests of the opponents in the Cup of Cups 1992-93, but to play the game of competence within the walls of friends.
The Teuta started out internationally, even outside Europe! The 3 October the Albanians found themselves in the Near East for the first round against the Israelis of the Ha-po'el Bat Yam: they played in Tel Aviv and won for 3-2 (15-7 10-15 15-9 12-15 15 -10); for the first time a successful Albanian volleyball in Asia. The 10 October return to Durrës was trouble-free: 3-0 (15-3 15-6 15-5). In the second round, the November 8, the Teuta also won in Athens against the Panellinios for 3-0 (15-9 15-9 15-8). Two days after the return match in Albania, N. 74 of "Sporti" of 17 November 1992, headline in large letters in first: "Me fitoren and 4-të radhazi -" SK Teuta "hyn me dinjitet në historinë and volejbollit shqiptar », celebrating the 3-2 (15-3 14-16 14-16 15-7 16-14). In the round of 16 he surrendered to the strong and experienced Hungarians of Vasas Budapest (of which we spoke above).
But the Teuta was for the first time among the first sixteen European teams holding the national cup: later we will also see the second. An unexpected success, while the country was in a deep crisis. These are the protagonists: Lavdije Hakrama (already best director at the 18 Balkan Championships in 1982 in Bulgaria), Xhevahirë Hasanaj, Edlira Kasa, Esma Kastrati, Liljana Luca, Valentina Nurçellari (cap.), Alma Roça, plus the junior Biberi and Ymeraj; coach: Njazi Dervishi.
Flashes and comets Further evidence of a certain technical consistency on the part of the Albanian women's teams (but not at the Teuta level) came in the 1994-95 Champions Cup which saw the Sportklub Tiranë lined up. In the first round the Albanians eliminated the Makedonija Strumica for 3-0 1-3 (5-12 December 1994); on the second shift they passed it by the withdrawal of the Slovenian OK Celie. In the second round (that is among the best sixteen European winning teams) the Italians of the PVF-Latte Rugiada Matera (already European champions 1992-93) faced each other.
The two games were played in the beautiful Apulian cities of Bisceglie and San Severo and both ended up 0-3 (17-18 January 1995). A note of nemesis. The last time an Albanian women's team participated in the European Cup was in the 1999-2000 edition. The Teuta eliminated the Bosnians of the OK & FCL Lukavac 3-0 and 3-1 (9-10 October 1999) with two away games. Subsequently, the same Slavia found himself facing in the second round, which twenty-one years before had held the international debut of the great Dinamo.
The durazzesche lost both meetings for 0-3 in Bratislava. An era had completed its cycle. And in fact since the birth of the Champions League (2000-01), no Albanian team has acquired participation rights. Other international debuts, still the Teuta and competitive hospitality We must add that other Albanian female teams made their debut from the 1993-94 to the 2000s. In the Champions Cup: Lushnja (formerly Traktori) in the 1993-94; Erzeni Shijak in the 1997-98 (eliminated Moldavgidromash Chișinău, 3-0 and 2-3: 11-18 October 1997; and came out against Donaukraft Vienna, double 0-3: 30 November-6 December 1997). In the CEV Cup (Cup Winners' Cup up to the 1999-2000 and Top Teams Cup up to the 2006-07): Elbasani (ex Labinoti) in the 1993-94; Partizani in the 1999-2000; Rrëshen miners in the 2005-06; Universiteti "Marin Barleti" Volejbolli Tiranë in the 2010-11. In Challenge Cup (up to the 2006-07 CEV Cup): Students Tiranë in the 1998-99.
Finally, it must be underlined that three times the Albanian volleyball structures hosted the elimination groups of the European Women's Cups, and in one of these the last qualification for the next round is registered between women and men. 1 group elimination of the Top Teams Cup 2002-03. It took place in Durres between the 8 and the 10 November 2002. At the last moment the Austrians from Salzburg Wüstenrot retired. They took part: Teuta Durrës, the Danes of DHG Odense and the Bosnians of the Kalesija Pole.
The first game saw the Danes overtake the Bosnians for 3-1. The second day the Teuta incredibly lost with the Polo for 2-3 (22-25 25-21 25-16 14-25 14-16). While at the third the victory of the team of Durazzo on the favorites of the DGH for 3-0 (25-23 25-20 25-14) qualified the Teuta for difference-set (+ 2 compared to –1 of Bosnian and Danish).
In doing so the durazzesche qualified for the Pool 4 of the next phase, resulting for the second time among the best sixteen European women's teams winning national cups. The other two eliminating women's groups hosted in Albania were the 6 Group (in Tirana) of the CEV Cup 1995-96: Sportklub Tiranë 3 ° out of four; and the 4 Group (in Tirana) of the Top Teams Cup 2003-04: Students 3 ° out of four. Also in the men's field, Cup elimination groups took place in Albania: 7 Group in Tirana (Top Teams Cup 2002-03): Dinamo 4 ° out of four; 12 Group in Durres (CEV Cup 2003-04): Teuta 4 ° out of four; 8 Group in Tirana (Top Teams Cup 2004-05): Students 3 ° out of four. (3. Continues)
The other episodes:
- I (10 June 2010): Male origins and national teams "A", Juniores ("Under 20") and Youth ("Under 18"). From the world elite of the 1950s to today's survival
- II (27 December 2012): The second gold standard. Men's Clubs in European Cups: Dinamo and Partizani, big among the big ones)
- IV (7 February 2013): Ela Tase, international star of volleyball