The Austrian National Bank has recently published the results of a survey conducted at the end of 2017 in the CESEE countries (Central, Eastern and Southeastern Europe) which showed that 8,3% of people of working age (25-64 years) would like to emigrate within a year.
This trend is more emphasized in countries such as Northern Macedonia (17,8%), Albania (11,8%) and Serbia (10,4%); on the other hand, however, the countries in which it is less emphasized are the Czech Republic (1,9%) and Poland (4,3%). A common feature of all countries is that the main migratory push comes from young people.
Emigration is very widespread, in fact, especially in young men. Unemployment is the main cause, but - in addition to economic factors - other causes of emigration are developing.
The causes of emigration
Living in a country or in an economically depressed or developing region characterized by a low level of economic activity, high unemployment and low incomes, is always the main stimulus for those who wish to emigrate.
Besides this, especially in the Balkans, the lack of trust in national institutions have meant that more and more citizens of the region decided to emigrate. However, in recent years, emigration has expanded for non-economic reasons.
The results, in fact, show that between the 2010 and the 2015 - in parallel with the increase in the migration trend - non-economic factors have taken hold which play an important role in the decision to emigrate, such as the quality of life of a country.
The new migration trend is driven by school education motivations for children or, more generally, by the search for a better quality of life in terms of services and the environment.
Albania, 4 young people on 5 want to leave the country
The survey broadly confirmed what had emerged from the survey conducted last year by the American company 'Gallup ', that 4 young people on 5 want to leave the country.
The main cause of this new migration trend is the great perceived unemployment. In addition to this, young people complain about the lack of a better future in the country, with difficulties starting to arise from their school-university course.
What's more, in addition, many polls show that young people are used only as a political background and that they have no effective participation in political decision-making processes and do not find support from them.