After the fall of the communist regime, many Albanians who lived in mountain villages spilled over into Tirana and other major cities in the country.
However, in recent years, there has been no lack of stories of "emigration" on the contrary, that is, returning to the villages - mainly due to unemployment - of some of those who had poured into the Albanian capital.
Like Gjimi, the protagonist of the reportage "The return" made by Osservatorio Balcani e Caucaso in collaboration with the program "Alliance for the development and enhancement of family agriculture in northern Albania", which aims at the eco-sustainable development of one of the most backward areas of Albania.
Gjimi lives in Aprripë, northern Albania, together with his brother and his family: he is the beneficiary of a loan within the program "Alliance for the development and enhancement of family agriculture in northern Albania", thanks to which is building a stable for his cattle on the farm:
"The construction of the stable will help us because we will be able to increase the number of livestock, we will be able to raise more. It is also better for livestock, to have a place to feed it, to be able to move freely and do milking. In the past all this was difficult for us, and therefore this help is a good thing."- says Gjimi in the video reportage
Gjimi left his mountains as a boy, along with his parents. But both in Tirana and away from Albania he has only found hard work and exploitation. And he decided, with courage, to return to his homeland.
"We left the village in the '99, it was towards the end of December. When we entered Tirana we went out to celebrate the arrival of the new year.
The years went by, unemployment ... nothing was normalized. Then I had the idea of going back to the village, of building my own business or anything as much as possible, even small, as long as it was mine.
As soon as I returned here I felt an emotion of joy, we returned to the village, where I was born, but I also had a problem, I always thought about the future. My thought was always to put up a flock and initially feed ourselves and then who knows, God would help us."- adds Gjimi.
His flock expands but the problems remain, especially in a family with children who live in a village completely isolated from the 'rest of the world':
"The thing I don't like here is that there is no school. You can get married, you can have children but there is no school or hospital where you can take them, two important things in life.
I see the future until the children have to go to school, and that worries me, because school is everything for a child. I do not want to remain with limited education, as I have remained."- concludes Gjimi.
Attention to the fate of entire families, to local development, to the landscape, to issues of economic development. In short, these are the key elements that theAlliance for the development and enhancement of family agriculture in northern Albania it proposes to set in motion, starting from traditional knowledge and the role of women. 4 July 2017 launched from the city of Pukë, this three-year project is promoted by two Italian NGOs - Reggio Terzo Mondo (RTM) and emerging countries Development Cooperation (COSPE) - with the support of the Italian Agency for Development Cooperation (AICS).
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