Change of Government for the Republic of Kosovo, is the sixth from the birth of the new state in February 2008, the third in the past three years.
The last government, the one led by Albin Kurti (Vetëvendosje - Kosovo Self-determination movement) lasted just over 100 days, disheartened by the LDK (Democratic League of Kosovo) coalition partner who now, after being legitimized by the Constitutional Court, has formed the new government.
In the last parliamentary elections held in October 2019 Vetëvendosje he had won with 26% of the votes, with a minimal detachment from the LDK which was second with 24%. The two parties had formed "The coalition of change" which, however, from the beginning seemed fragile with different political orientations, and it was in fact from the coalition that the crisis was born.
After the distrust of the government on March 25, the President Thaçi he had given the right to the second LDK party to form the new government; the decree was immediately contested by Vetëvendosje since in similar situations, in 2010 and 2017, after the distrust of the government, the President announced new elections. In this case Thaçi instead decided to decree a new Prime Minister without first passing by the vote, fueling the criticisms against him who see him leave his role as apolitical and unitary President, instead becoming an active actor who with his leg outstretched entered the heart of Kosovar politics. contested also the Constitutional Court which interpreted practically identical situations in a different way, judged impartial and corrupt.
Democracy in Kosovo instead of strengthening seems to weaken year after year, instead reinforcing the criticisms of corruption and patronage that have always accompanied the country's politics. The new government led by Avdullah Hoti (LDK) was voted with just 61 votes, i.e. the majority + 1.
The last decisive vote, that of MP Haxhi Shala (NISMA), was assured to the majority only last night, after President Thaçi and the former prime minister Haradinaj they showed up at his house convincing him to vote for the new government. The interference of the President was assessed negatively by the Rapporteur of the European Parliament for Kosovo Viola von Cramon, who stated that the President's action represents a negative signal for the role of the Parliament that comes out undermined in its integrity.
In addition to the old political figures, the 10 Serbian deputies who have decided to be part of the new legislature will also be a decisive part of the Government, with Goran Rakiq as deputy Prime Minister. The party "Srbska list" it is openly dependent on the Belgrade government, and on several occasions Rakiq has declared that he does not accept Kosovo's independence.
The antagonism between Kurti and Thaçi seems to be the main cause of Kosovo's latest political events; both have been animating the political life of Kosovo for twenty years, but their positions have tightened since Kurti joined the government. Thaçi, a former commander of the UCK (Kosovo Liberation Army) was head of the government from 2008 to 2014, and from 2016 he is President of Kosovo. Over the years, Kurti has accused Thaçi of being a corrupt political figure focused on his personal interests, guilty together with his PDK (Democratic Party of Kosovo) party of the country's precarious socio-economic situation. Lately Thaçi has been accused on several fronts of wanting to redefine the borders of Kosovo in a possible forthcoming peace agreement between Kosovo and Serbia, an agreement strongly desired by the US and EU. On several occasions Thaçi spoke of the possible "sacrifice" of Kosovar territory in favor of lasting peace with Serbia, reopening political scenarios that had not been seen in the Balkans for twenty years.
The US seems very interested in a peace agreement between the two countries, especially in view of the new presidential elections in November. The special envoy of President Trump to Kosovo, Richard Grenell, has been pushing Kosovo and Serbia for more than a year now towards an agreement that should be signed in the famous "Rose Garden" of the White House where the agreements between Israel and Jordan were signed in '94. Such an agreement could prove very profitable for the rehabilitation of the Trump figure, which after the recent events in the USA seems to have fallen in the polls.
The relations between Grenell and the now ex Prime Minister Kurti had stiffened significantly after the latter had not followed Grenell's instructions regarding the 100% tax on Serbian products introduced by Haradinaj during his government. Grenell had asked for the tax to be definitively lifted in order to reopen dialogue with Serbia by facilitating a final agreement. By refusing and introducing a reciprocity policy, Kurti was accused by Kosovar politics of undermining relations with the US, defined by President Thaçi himself as a traitor. Unlike Kurti, the new Prime Minister Hoti has announced that among his first decisions there will be the elimination of commercial reciprocity and the relaxation of relations with the USA.
The EU too is clamoring for the reopening of the dialogue between Kosovo and Serbia, hoping for a normalization of relations between the two states and greater stability in the Balkans. The confidence of the Kosovar institutions towards the EU has declined dramatically in recent years, following the unsuccessful meetings led by the former High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy Federica Mogherini. The lack of trust in the EU is also fueled by the fact that Kosovo remains the only state within Europe's territorial borders without the possibility of movement in the Schengen area, leaving its citizens imprisoned and captivated in a country that offers few prospects for future, economically and socially fragile.
After the election of the new government, the citizens of Kosovo moved protests loudly in front of Parliament against what for many is a caste of politicians who control the country. Protests are expected in the capital on Friday Prishtina during which a significant turnout is expected.
Meanwhile Kurti's party, Vetëvendosje, has exceeded 50% of the consents in recent polls, support for the other parties and especially for President Thaçi has decreased. Vetëvendosje has also undertaken one petition to request early elections, which has already exceeded 50 thousand.
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