The Union CDU / CSU (center-right coalition in Germany) and the Social-Democratic (center-left) party approved on Tuesday 24 September the document that gives the go-ahead for the start of official accession negotiations with Albania and the Northern Macedonia.
The German deputies, however, have set some additional conditions to Albania divided into two phases: two of these conditions will have to be met within the first conference (indicatively in spring 2020) of accession while the other seven within the second.
The conditions for Albania
The first two conditions set by the Bundestag concern the functioning of the Constitutional Court and the Supreme Court, as well as the adoption of a new electoral reform. The latter must be in line with the recommendations of the OSCE-ODIHR and must ensure transparent funding of political parties and election campaigns.
Before the second accession conference, on the other hand, Albania will have to fulfill seven other conditions which are the following:
- Implementation of the law on electoral reform
- The initiation of criminal proceedings against judges and prosecutors who, in the verification process envisaged by the reform of the judicial system, have been accused of criminal conduct.
- The initiation of criminal proceedings of the judiciary against those involved in the buying and selling of electoral votes.
- The establishment of a special structure to combat corruption and organized crime.
- Tangible results in the fight against corruption and organized crime at all levels, including senior officials and politicians.
- Tangible progress in administrative reform.
- A final ruling on the legality of the 30 June 2019 local elections by the Constitutional Court.
According to the first sources from the CDU / CSU coalition - reports Deutsche Welle - the document was approved by a large majority (only 28 opposed and 4 abstained on 246 deputies in total), as had happened previously by the Social Democratic party.
The document will be debated today - a meeting of about 45 minutes - in the evening in the German parliament and then, in all probability, to be approved by the same. The only party that is expected to oppose the opening of negotiations with Albania and Northern Macedonia is the AfD (Alternative for Germany) while the other opposition parties should give the go ahead.