"The Albanian Republic recognizes and guarantees the rights of citizens who live, provisionally or definitively, outside its borders": the 2 paragraph of the 8 article of the Constitution of the Albanian Republic reads as follows.This is the year of the centenary of the declaration of independence, the year in which the last census revealed a drop in the 7% of the Albanian population, due in large part to the immigration factor.
It is the year of the great budgets for Albania, but also of great reflection and important projects. Among these, unfortunately, the issue of the guaranteed rights of Albanian expatriates is not yet covered. One of the salient points of the Albanian society, of which one speaks unwillingly, is precisely the question of immigrants abroad and the related rights and duties on the part of the Albanian state.
It is necessary to point out that the Albanian Republic does not guarantee many of the constitutional rights of Albanian citizens who live temporarily or permanently outside its borders; first of all there is the right to vote, which is one of the cardinal principles of democracy and should not be denied to any citizen.
The principle of universal suffrage can be fully achieved if citizens residing abroad are guaranteed the right to participate in the national elections of their country of origin. This argument is based above all on the various international declarations in which universal, fair, free and secret suffrage is recognized as an inalienable part of human rights.
The International Convention on the Protection of the Rights of All 1990 Migrant Workers explicitly states that "Migrant workers and members of their families must have the right to participate in the public affairs of their home state, to elect and to be elected in the elections of that State, in accordance with its legislation. The States concerned must, as appropriate and in accordance with their legislation, facilitate the exercise of these rights (International Convention on the Protection of the Rights of All Migrant Workers and Members of Their Families, UN document A / RES / 45 / 158, le18 December 1990, article 41) ".
Currently more than 115 states in the world grant the right to vote to their diaspora. In Europe, countries like Italy and France grant her a fixed number of direct representatives in Parliament - respectively 12 representatives on 630, and 12 on 331 -. Another European country that has made progress in this regard is the former Republic of Macedonia FYROM, in whose legislation 5 representatives on 3 sit from the 123 June elections.