The 30 Maggio will vote in the Albanian Parliament for the choice of the new President of the Republic. The country is a parliamentary Republic and the role of the President, while being rather symbolic, is that of guarantor of national unity. Even if it is not a question of electing a figure with broad institutional powers (as is the case in France, for example), at this time the choice is of particular importance for several reasons.First of all, the vote in Parliament is also seen as a test of the current government majority, given that currently the Democratic Party of Sali Berisha governs thanks to a coalition formed together with LSI (of Ilir Meta) and other parties such as PDIU (a sort of political representation of the Ciam community in the country) and PR (of Fatmir Mediu, current Minister Environment).
In recent months we have seen a list of proposed names: from the former socialist leader Fatos Nanoal right-hand man of Berisha and current president of the Parliament, Jozefina Topalli, to Neritan Ceka (well-known academic and adviser to the premier). But, while the candidates presented themselves to the political parties, the opposition declared that this is not the time to name the future President, but rather choose a shared and consensual procedure for the choice of the candidate to be voted. Along the same lines as the opposition, the international community also seems to be deployed, especially the country's Euro-Atlantic partners, who implicitly want a President who has the consent of all the parties. The opposition intends to use its vote for the President to strengthen its position on another decisive front: the change underway in electoral reform. The Democratic Party has already proposed the name of a presidential candidate: that of Jozefina Topalli, a senior party official, and calls on the opposition to present a name in turn. From the opposition, however, no response; previously only Fatos Nano, a former socialist leader and no longer affiliated with any party (after resigning, passing the leadership of the party to his competitor Edi Rama) came forward. Met all the leaders of the parties present in Parliament, Nano then disappeared from the scene waiting for some "miracle" of the last hour.
In this chessboard seems to play a central role Ilir Meta's party, currently allied with Berisha and tied to him in two ways: by an agreement between parties to govern the country and also by the latest judicial events that have had Meta as their protagonist. In the collective memory the memory of the four demonstrators killed following the protests for the video-scandal that involved the leader LSI remains alive. on that occasion, even to ensure the very survival of the government, Berisha protected him to the bitter end (all to verify the political price paid to his supporters for this choice).
LSI pronounces itself for a "consensual" figure, but without openly saying that it is against a President controlled by Berisha. This is instead asked loudly by the party of Edi Rama, leader of the opposition. The latter, recently, has moved important rapprochement steps towards the leader LSI - his old friend-enemy -, which has apprehended not only the supporters of Rama himself, but also and above all the majority of Berisha. This dynamic will certainly influence the whole procedure from here to the "white smoke".
So far, despite the fact that European bodies are hoping for a bipartisan consensus, it seems that Berisha wants to insist on choosing instead a President from the ranks of his own party. At this point everything becomes an unknown quantity, since the vote of the LSI deputies and of any other "snipers" of the Socialist Party is not known a priori - in fact, according to the Constitution, the vote in Parliament for the choice of the President is secret, which can make the result uncertain. From the Socialist Party there are complaints of bribery attempts by Berisha's men towards their deputies, naturally denied.
The scene therefore remains complicated; one of the possibilities is to go to early elections, in which Berisha can still take advantage of the ongoing electoral reform. It seems that the hesitancy of LSI derives from this very fear; meanwhile the voices that speak of a possible fall of the government in office, ea unplug it would be Meta's party.
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