The Albanian President Bamir Topi spoke to the citizens yesterday. For Topi, the 21 last January was violated the law. In the investigations the autonomy and the competences of the institutions must be respected, instead the Albanian politics must find a compromise as soon as possible in order not to aggravate the crisis and not to damage further the process of European integration.
Three days after the accusations made against him by Berisha for his involvement in the alleged attempted coup organized by the opposition on January 21, the President of the Albanian Republic Bamir Topi broke the silence, addressing directly the Albanian citizens. His position is clear and firm and harsher than the conciliatory calls of the past days. The President Topi does not hesitate to declare that on Friday there have been "serious violations of the law" and does not hesitate to affirm that there should have been "neither victims, nor wounded, nor violated" nor "assaults against institutions and violence against their guardians ”.
The Albanian President makes an overall picture of the political and institutional context created in Albania after the 21 January, touching on the main points and also responding to Prime Minister Berisha and his versions of the facts.
The division of powers enshrined in the Constitution, their autonomy, their skills and the collaboration between them, are brought to the attention of public opinion and Albanian politics as necessary elements to shed light on what happened: "today more than ever, in the investigations and in the analysis of the 21 January, the powers in Albania, respecting the autonomy, their obligations and their legal competences, are invited to give their contribution and their evaluation. The pressure exercised between the powers, delays and compromises the autonomy of the analysis, of the evaluations and of the autonomous judgment on the incident and its actors ". From this point of view, Topi asks the Public Prosecutor's Office, the secret services, the State Police and the Republican Guard to engage and collaborate immediately in an unconditional and professional manner for ongoing investigations.
On the other hand, and the lack of political, institutional and legislative responsibility and accountability, according to President Topi, which delayed the approval of the necessary reforms, prevented the functioning of the autonomous institutions and negatively influenced the process of European integration. "No one can deny today that Albania is experiencing one of the most difficult political crises of its democratic transition". And the only one responsible for its aggravation would be the political class, because from the policies of the 2009, the Albanian Parliament did not function properly and "the parliamentary debate has moved to the street, in political forums, in television studios, in the politicized press or independent, forgetting the political obligation and the citizen responsibility that the parties and politicians become deputies or legislators through elections to serve the citizens with better laws and not to offer them arenas of battles and political scenarios unworthy for a country and a civilized society " . For President Topi, "the language of hatred and its intensification towards the political adversary and independent institutions" would show that there is neither responsibility nor political will for the solution of the crisis. The tragic events of 21 last January and its negative consequences for the future of the country and democracy should "raise awareness and empower the hottest political leaders on the need for the normalization of the situation, of the compromise and of the solution of the political conflict that holds the development hostage of the country and its European integration ". So an appeal repeated several times to the political parties: they find the compromise as the only way to get out of the situation in Albania today. Finally, on the facts of the 21 January, also the partners and international organizations of which Albania is a member, or aiming to become, require an explanation. According to Topi, the United States, the European Union and the OSCE have repeatedly called for the need for political dialogue, the functioning of the rule of law and the autonomy of institutions.
The inability of Albanian society to build a functional political system would be disappointing for the European Union and NATO. Furthermore, the failure of the negotiations to reach an agreement between the parties even when the European institutions offered their support, would raise great doubts among the international partners on the maturity and the capacity of the Albanian society to carry out the integration processes. And it is "a historical responsibility of Albanian politics which does not lack passion but the opportunity for reflection". Therefore, efforts must be made to provide an explanation to the international community, but above all, as requested by it, to act in a concrete, courageous and immediate way to leave behind this difficult moment for Albania and the Albanians.
This is not a dream, says President Topi, but a tangible reality due to national interests, the future of the Albanians and the support of the international community.