The birth rate in Kosovo is showing decreases from year to year mainly due to the country's difficult economic conditions and the flight of young people abroad.
A negative trend that has characterized the last few years and which is in stark contrast to that of the 80 and 90 years, when Kosovo was among the countries with the greatest natural population growth in the former Yugoslavia.
According to the Kosovo statistics agency, in five years the 25.929 live births of the 2014 were passed to the 22.761 native alive children last year.
Jakup Ismaili, director of the gynecological clinic of the university center of Kosovo, told Radio Free Europe that, considering only the first nine months of the 2019, a decrease of about 400 newborns was registered only in the university clinical center of Kosovo:
"We recorded a total number of 7256 newborns in the first nine months of this year, given that, compared to the same period a year ago, 400 resulted in fewer newborns.
In the 2014 we had 10.307 births, 9443 in the 2015, 10.139 in the 2016, 10.161 in the 2017 and 9963 in the 2018. The main causes of this decline are family planning based on economic conditions and the large number of young people who continue to leave the country."- said Ismaili for Radio Free Europe.
On the other hand, sociologists state that institutions should develop strategies to promote birth in the country. Among these there is also Besnik Peci, who expressed himself on the subject for RFE:
"The decline in the birth rate in Kosovo can be attributed to the lack of a clear national strategy for the promotion of the birth rate.
Unlike all the countries in the region that have developed their strategies to support the birth rate through an economic empowerment of families, there has been no concrete action with us to help this process.
This trend is also linked to poverty, despite in the past - when the economic situation was more difficult, more children were born; after the war there was an increase in awareness and a higher longevity rate."- said Peci.
However, according to officials from the World Health Organization in Kosovo, no study was conducted on falling birth rates. Despite this, as reported by them, it can be assumed that the declining birth rate affects all developing countries and that at this stage it will affect Kosovo.