Amnesty International has recently published the 2011 Annual Report. The dossier documents the human rights situation in 157 countries and territories in the 2010. Describes a world in which people defy oppression, despite the many repressive measures employed against them. Below is the file on Kosovo.
In September, President Sejdiu resigned after the Constitutional Court noted the incompatibility of his role as head of the Democratic League of Kosovo (Lidhja Demokratike and Kosovës - Ldk) with a public office. In October, the government fell following the assembly's vote of no confidence. In December, the Democratic Party of Kosovo won the parliamentary elections, among the accusations of fraud, with an insufficient majority to form a government. In November, the European Commission expressed its concern about corruption and organized crime, the weakness of the Kosovo judiciary and the lack of freedom of the media. In December, a report for the Council of Europe denounced that Prime Minister Hashim Thaçi and other members of the Kla were complicit in the kidnapping, torture and other ill-treatment and the killing of Serbian and Albanian civilians, transferred to camps imprisonment in Albania in the 1999. In one of the camps the inmates would have been killed and their bodies used for organ trafficking.
The EU-led Police and Justice Mission in Kosovo (Eulex) reported that the domestic judicial system remained weak and subject to political interference. Judges and witnesses were threatened and protection mechanisms were rarely used. Eulex has restarted proceedings against Albin Kurti, leader of the Ngo Vetëvendosje! (Self-determination!), Which in the 2008 had been suspended by the United Nations Interim Administration Mission in Kosovo (United Nations Interim Administration Mission in Kosovo - Unmik). In June, he was found guilty of obstructing public officials during a demonstration on February 10 and sentenced to nine months in prison, but immediately released. Other charges have been dismissed.
CRIMES OF INTERNATIONAL LAW
In May, Eulex announced that only 60 of the 900 war crimes cases inherited from the UNMIK administration were being investigated. Investigations into the abduction of non-Albanian people after June 1999 were transferred to the local special prosecutor's office, since according to Eulex it was not war crimes. In January and July other arrests were made thanks to the testimony of Nazim Bllaca, arrested in the 2009. He stated that he had taken part in the 1999 cases of murder and attempted murder commissioned by the Kosovo intelligence service between the 2003 and the 17. In May, former Kla commander Sabit Geçi was arrested on suspicion of being involved in war crimes committed in the 1999, in the Drenica region. According to the media, he was presumably also involved in the torture of Albanians and Serbian-Kosovars in a detention facility in the city of Kukës, in Albania. After his extradition from Norway in July, Kosovo's Serbian-Vukmir Cvetkovic was convicted of war crimes by the Pec / Peja court and sentenced to seven years in prison for sending Albanian civilians from their homes to Klina / ë.
FORCED SPILLSA draft law on missing persons did not include rules for repair, including compensation, to the families of missing persons. At the end of the year, people considered missing were around 1822. In August, the Office of Missing Persons and Forensics (OMPF) was transferred from the Eulex to the Kosovo Ministry of Justice. In September, the OMPF and the Serbian commission on missing persons visited the probable mass graves of Rudnica in Serbia and Belacevac, in Kosovo. During the 2010, the OMPF exhumed the bodies of 34 people, identifying the remains of 57 individuals and returning 103 corpses to the families for burial. Three other bodies mistakenly identified were correctly recognized by the international commission on missing persons.
Torture and other ill-treatment
In June, the European Committee for the Prevention of Torture visited places of detention in Kosovo. In the same month, several activists from Vetëvendosje! they were abused - and some hospitalized - during a police operation to arrest Albin Kurti (see above, Judiciary). The Center for the Rehabilitation of the Victims of Torture in Kosovo reported some improvements in prison conditions, but noted that the detainees reported that the corruption of prison staff often led to unfair disciplinary measures.
EUROPE AND CENTRAL ASIA. INTERETIAN VIOLENCEViolent incidents between Serbian-Kosovars and Albanians continued to occur in northern Serb-dominated municipalities, often fueled by political developments. In May, the Kosovo police used tear gas to separate Serbs and Albanians during a protest by the Albanians against the participation of Serbian-Kosovars in the administrative elections in Serbia. On July 2, Serbian 1500 protested against the opening of a registry office in Bosnjacka Mahala, a mixed ethnic area north of Mitrovica / ë. An explosive device killed a Bosnian-Muslim pediatrician and 11 Serbian protesters were injured. The 5 July, a Kosovar Serb member of the Kosovo assembly was wounded in the legs in front of his home in the northern area of Mitrovica / ë. The tensions increased after the ICJ sentence on the declaration of independence of the Kosovo of 2008. In September, Albanians from the northern area of Mitrovica / ë asked to have further protection from the police, after several grenade attacks and the killing of Hakif Mehmeti, which took place on September 7. A Serbian-Kosovar police officer was arrested three days later. The September 12, after Turkey's victory over Serbia in a basketball match, Kossovo Force (KFOR) and Eulex police were deployed when Albanians from the south of Mitrovica / ë clashed with Serbs on the bridge on the Ibar river, which separates the Serbian part of the city from the Albanian one. Two Kfor agents, a police officer and five civilians were injured. In the same month, an ethnic Albanian baker from Zvecan was attacked three times and his shop was damaged by an explosive device.
RECOGNITION OF RESPONSIBILITIES
In March, the advisory panel for human rights declared inadmissible a complaint filed by the families of Mon Balaj and Arben Xheladini, killed by the Romanian police, and by Zenel Zeneli and Mustafë Nerjovaj, who were seriously injured during a demonstration on February 10 2007. The decision of the college followed an administrative directive of the Unmik of 2009 which effectively made the claims of plaintiffs who had been offered a financial indemnity in the framework of a third-party compensation process, brought against the Nations, inadmissible. United. For similar reasons, the college declared inadmissible a complaint of 143 displaced Roma and ashkali, residing in camps administered by UNMIK in the northern area of Mitrovicë, according to which they had suffered lead poisoning and other health problems due to the contamination of the fields in which they had lived since 1999. Their claim for compensation as a third party to the United Nations had been pending since February 2006. The college continued to take into consideration the complaints against UNMIK for failing to investigate the post-war abductions of Serbs.
Discrimination remained of
lagante towards non-Albanian minorities, women and lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender people. Roma, Ashkali and Egyptians have suffered mass discrimination, even in access to education, health care and employment, and few have been able to avail themselves of the right to adequate housing. Many continued to have no personal documents, which would have allowed them to register citizenship and access basic services. In October, the lead-contaminated Cesmin Lug camp was closed, and some Roma, Ashkali and Egyptian residents were transferred to the Roma quarter in the southern area of Mitrovica / ë. In November, NGOs began administering medical treatment for lead intoxication, as established by the World Health Organization.
REFUGEES AND MIGRANTS
Roma, Ashkali and Egyptians were forcibly returned to Kosovo from the EU and Switzerland, although a revised postponement and reintegration strategy, released in April by the Interior Ministry, had not been fully implemented. Many of the people sent back have been denied fundamental rights and risked suffering mass discrimination equivalent to persecution. Undocumented people remained stateless in all respects. In October, the Roma who tried to return to Suvi do / Suhadol would be threatened by the Albanians and refused to return for security reasons. In the 2010, according to data provided by the UNHCR, the United Nation's agency for refugees, 2253 people belonging to minority communities have voluntarily returned to Kosovo, while 48 Kosovar Albanians, 77 Serbian-Kosovars and 386 Roma, Ashkali and Egyptians , considered to be in need of constant international protection, they were forcibly returned from Western Europe.VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN
Protection orders for domestic violence cases have not been able to provide adequate protection or have not been issued. Violations of such orders have rarely been prosecuted. The NGO Medica Kosovo has tried to change the law on civilian war victims, to ensure that women raped during the war get the status of civilian victims and could demand compensation.
The entire 2011 REPORT can be consulted on the AMNESTY INTERNATIONAL website
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