What is the new special anti-corruption prosecution (SPAK) and what will it do? After publishing a video about the judicial system reform in Albania, the American embassy in Tirana explained the composition and function of the new judicial body with a video.
The special anti-corruption and anti-organized crime proxy is one new constitutional institution , which will have the task of investigating and prosecuting corruption, organized crime, as well as crimes committed by senior state officials.
The SPAK is composed of two organs: the special prosecutor's office, composed of prosecutors, and the national investigative agency (BKH), composed of investigators.
But why is SPAK needed?
In the old judicial system, corrupt high officials and organized crime leaders were untouchable because corrupt or threatened judges and prosecutors did not expose them to justice. Thanks to money and political interests, in fact, these judges and prosecutors were influenced by politics and corruption. This made it practically impossible to prosecute the cases of corruption in the highest levels with the price of all this being paid by the whole country.
How will SPAK correct this problem then? The SPAK will be an independent, non-politicized body that will criminalize and prosecute Albania's "untouchables", that is, the top officials of now and of the past.
SPAK members will be appointed by the High Council of the Prosecutor, not by corrupt politicians or officials. In this sense, all the members of SPAK will have to pass the revaluation process (vetting) envisaged by the reform of the judicial system.
Furthermore, SPAK special prosecutors are expected to continuously monitor their finances and phone calls to prevent corruption and blackmail attempts. Everything is based on models used by other countries such as Croatia and Romania.
The Constitution offers SPAK strength and independence to oppose high corruption. As part of the constitution, in fact, it will not be possible even for the "untouchables" to modify the new judicial body. In a nutshell, SPAK will counter corruption at high levels; with the SPAK nobody will be above the law, nobody will be untouchable and the whole country will benefit.