Albania is planning a ban on imports of all vehicles older than 10 years and not compliant with Euro 5 emission standards that have been implemented in the European Union since the end of the 2009.
The ban, which should be implemented starting next January, is aimed at reducing pollution caused by car emissions; one of the main factors contributing to the high levels of air pollution in the country.
The initiative also aims to gradually make the vehicles of the country 'younger', two times higher than the average European age of cars. However, the ban will allow the import of vehicles produced up to the 1970 for museum or humanitarian purposes.
An exception is provided for vehicles with a maximum mass between 3,5 and 5 tons, which must not be more than 15 years before registering in Albania. Introducing the initiative, Environment Minister Blendi Klosi said Albania is joining countries aspiring to the EU to ban the import of vehicles over ten years old.
Albania has gradually applied EU vehicle emission standards since the end of the 2016 in a decision that has seen a large number of car owners install new catalytic converters to meet emission standards in order to overcome revisions. .
Vehicle situation in Albania, year 2017
Despite this, in the 2017 on 535.570 total vehicle, only 421.570 have passed the mandatory technical inspection, according to the country's transport institute.
Furthermore, only the 3,3% of vehicles circulating in the country, about 14.000, meet the Euro 5 and Euro 6 emission standards applied in the EU since the end of the 2009. The figures on air pollution in Albania continue to remain among the highest in Europe, according to an 2016 report on air quality by the European Environment Agency.
Air quality in Albanian cities
Local authorities say that among the Albanian cities, Tirana has the worst air quality due mainly to high vehicle traffic. Following the southeastern city of Korçë - among the coldest in the country - although for different reasons; here, in fact, air pollution is caused by the use of coal and wood for heating, says the National Environmental Agency of Albania.
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