The various international air, sea and land transport companies will be required to provide very detailed information on passengers and their entry into Albania.
With a new bill, which aims to make some changes to the current law nr. 71 / 2016 on "border control", the Albanian state wants to take some measures to establish a system that offers preliminary information on passengers in line with the directive of the Council of the European Union 2004 / 82 / EC (24 April 2004).
The new bill
All civilian passenger transport companies will have to send information to the Albanian border police about passengers traveling by their own means, before the same passengers arrive on the Albanian border.
This measure aims to prevent, detect and combat illegal migration, terrorism, trafficking and other illegal acts, while facilitating passenger traffic.
Each transport company, therefore, will have to send information for each person on board the plane, ferry or bus such as: airline name, flight number, travel document number, type of travel document, the country that issued it the document, the citizenship of the passenger, the full name of the passenger, date of birth, sex, date of expiry of the document, time of departure of the vehicle, time of arrival, total number of passengers carried, number of passengers' baggage, the border point entry into the territory, the initial boarding port and the destination port.
After passengers enter the Albanian territory, the border police will have to eliminate the information received from the companies within 24 hours, unless there are exceptions in accordance with national legislation on personal data protection.
The penalties provided for
The transport company that will not send the necessary data or that will transmit incomplete or false data, will be subject to sanctions - ranging from around 4000 euros (500.000 lek) to 8000 approximately (1 million lek) for each passenger - from the authority responsible for border control.
On the other hand, in the event of a serious violation of the provisions of these laws by the transport operator, the temporary suspension of transport operations or the revocation of the license may be imposed upon request of the border control authority. exercise.
For the foreign ministry, which drafted the new bill, there are two possible scenarios regarding the costs: if this new data transmission system were purchased, it would cost about 1.7 million euros to which should be added the installation costs (around 1000 euro) and the maintenance costs of the program which amount to approximately 7-10% of its total price (therefore around 2000 euros per month), which could increase with the increase in the number of passengers.
However, there is also a second option currently being negotiated and which concerns a collaboration with the United States of America, which would offer the service free of charge. In such a hypothesis, the purchase price of the program and the installation costs would be zero, and therefore only the maintenance costs of the program would remain (about 2000 euros per month).