According to the Albanian seismological institute, this is the most powerful earthquake ever recorded in the country in the last 30 years. The strongest 5.8 magnitude shock was recorded on Saturday around 16, with an epicenter near Capo Rodoni.
Since ancient times, Apollonia - 12 km from today is recognized as powerful earthquakes in Albania. Fier - registered in 217 dC Also, in Dyrrachium, today Durres, strong earthquakes were recorded in 334 AD and in 506 AD, as well as in the year 1273. At the same time, earthquakes of are also inherent to antiquity Butrint in the year 1153 and that of Kruja in the year 1617.
From the limited studies carried out so far, it appears that in Albania during the 19th century, 77 earthquakes of magnitude 7.0 have been reported.
Earthquakes in Albania, the historian
That said, the history of earthquakes, the most destructive ones in Albania, begins at least from 1851.
October 12 1851
A powerful earthquake of magnitude 6.6 Richter scale, from the intensity 11 ° scale Mercalli - considering that the maximum degree of this scale is the 12 ° - it hits the city of Valona towards the hours 07: 00 of the morning. The entire medieval city was razed to the ground, except for the Muradie Mosque. There were hundreds of victims and there was a mass abandonment by citizens from the ancient city.
The tremors were also felt in Berat, where there were 400 dead and destruction of hundreds of homes.
Scutari warns of powerful earthquakes that destroy entire villages in adjacent areas such as Bushat, Juban, Kozmaç, Vau i Dejës, Karme, Dushan, Toplane and Bruç. The earthquake triggered the opening of large cracks in the ground.
December 22 1919
Leskovik-Konice. The earthquake of magnitude 6.1 on the Richter scale is recorded. Numerous houses were destroyed in the Albanian border and likewise those in the adjacent Greek villages Isboros, Belthonsi and Kapaztiko. The entire region was destroyed. There are no data on victims.
December 18 1920
A total of 173 homes were destroyed in Elbasan and dozens of people were injured. The consequences of the earthquake with its epicenter in Elbasan, were also felt in Peqin, where 14 people lost their lives and other 300 were injured.
There are no data on victims, but dozens of homes were destroyed in Peshkopi and Dibër (Macedonia).
August 27 1948
Shkodra below was shaken by the 5.5 magnitude earthquake. There was serious damage to the Buna river bed and to the city of Scutari itself. The greatest damage was recorded in Trush, with 1 dead and 27 injured. Damage to objects was also verified in Oblike and Barbullush.
1 September 1959
Destruction to Lushnjë, Fier, Rrogozhinë, Peqin, Kuçovë and Berat. In total, 944 homes destroyed, especially in Karbunarë, Lushnjë. Serious damage to industrial objects, schools, hospitals and cultural objects. Cracks in farmland.
November 30 1967
Librazhd-Dibër, magnitude 6.6. Serious damage in 13 locations and in 177 villages. Along with the earthquake-stricken Macedonia, 6.336 registered buildings damaged, 12 dead and 174 injured.
April 15 1979
An 8.0 earthquake struck Scutari causing enormous casualties and damage. 40 people lost their lives in the Scutari-Alessio area (Lezhë). 17.118 homes and socio-cultural objects were damaged.
January 9 1988
Strong and frequent shocks were warned to Tirana, with damage especially in the villages adjacent to the capital, Arbanë and Petrelë.
Powerful earthquakes were recorded in the Floq village of Coriza, Korça, where many homes were declared uninhabitable and there were also injuries.
November 26 2019
A very strong new earthquake (currently reported with a magnitude of 6.4) struck Albania again at 3.55 in the morning. The epicenter is around 10 kilometers from Durres and 31 kilometers from Tirana.
The budget is extremely heavy for loss of life and material damage.
Exactly 40 years ago, another powerful earthquake with its epicenter in Scutari was recorded in Albania.
It was April 1979 and the tremors of magnitude 8.0 on the Richter scale were felt by Northern Albania, passing through the Center and reaching the South. Scutari and Alessio (Lezhë) had registered 40 victims.
17.118 damaged objects and more than 46.000 people had remained without a roof.
I lived in Tirana and had only 5 years. I remember those terrible moments very well. I remember all our movements, even those of our neighbors.
The fear had been great, not only because the intensity of the shock, very violent, but also because we we lived on a very high floor, among the highest for the houses of that time, in an Albania with standard totalitarian style buildings that did not exceed five floors and without rooms below ground floor:
therefore, we lived on the 5 floor of a building with shops located on the ground floor, something a bit unusual in the urban architectural style.
There is no remedy for earthquakes. If the sky threatens us with lightning bolts, there is also escape in the caves. But the escape is not worth against earthquakes, no hiding places.
The building was located along the river Lana and I had literally warned to catapult me directly into the river, taking a flight from our so-called 6 ′ floor ...
We had come down the stairs and wanted to go down 5-6 floors with all the people panicked, which in these cases goes into confusion and total loss.
We were sitting along the Lana.
It was obvious the building that was staggering due to the continuous, crazy shocks, was unbelievable.
It looked like a staggering ghost house.
Fortunately, there were no victims.
Data reference: Albanian press.