Italian aid to the Albanian population has arrived at the port of Durazzo in the late morning of today, 3 October hit the 22 last September , and in the days immediately following, by strong earthquakes and sudden floods that caused dozens of injuries and serious damage to infrastructure and civilian homes.
The Italian answer lies within the overall framework of the EU civil protection mechanism, activated by the same Albanian authorities.
First aid supplies and all the equipment needed for emergency operations were diverted to the port of Durres: tents, electricity generators and water pumps.
Not only did Italy respond to the request for help. Even Greece, due to geographical proximity, was among the first EU countries to activate . Austria, Croatia, Hungary, Slovenia and Norway were also available, as stated by Christos Stilyanides, European Commissioner for Humanitarian Aid and Crisis Management.
Sapo mbërritën në Durrës edhe ndihmat Italian në kuadër të mekanizmit evropian të ngritur si pasojë e tërmetit në ...
But what exactly is the European civil protection mechanism?
The overall objective of the EU Civil Protection Mechanism is to strengthen cooperation between EU Member States and 6 participating States in the field of civil protection, in order to improve disaster prevention, preparedness and response.
When the extent of an emergency overwhelms a country's response capabilities, it can request assistance through this mechanism.
Thanks to it, the European Commission plays a key role in coordinating the disaster response in Europe and beyond the continental borders, taking on at least the 75% of the transport and / or operational costs of the emergency response installations.
Putting together the capabilities of different civil protections enables a stronger and more consistent collective response. To date, all EU Member States as well as 6 participating States (Iceland, Norway, Serbia, Northern Macedonia, Montenegro and Turkey) participate. Since its establishment in the 2001, the EU Civil Protection Mechanism has responded to over 300 requests for assistance within and outside the EU.
How is the European civil protection mechanism activated?
Following a request for help, the Emergency Response Coordination Center (ERCC, Emergency Response Coordination Center), which is the operational heart of the mechanism, mobilizes assistance.
The ERCC, which monitors, especially thanks to the use of satellite maps, 24 world-wide events on 24, 7 days on 7, can guarantee a rapid deployment of emergency support through a direct connection with the national authorities of civil protection.
Specialized teams and equipment such as forest firefighting aircraft, high capacity hydraulic pumps, search and rescue teams for missing or injured, emergency medical teams can be mobilized in a short time for deployments within and outside the Europe.