Albania News returns to talk about "those who wear beautiful girls" after the wide mobilization that asked for official apologies to Prime Minister Silvio Berlusconi for the sentences pronounced in the 12 February press conference . Let's return to the subject with an interview with Manfred Bushi, curated by Pietro Tarozzi and the editorial director Olti Buzi.
Manfred Bushi, in Italy from the 1994, is engaged by 12 years in the field of cultural mediation.
Fine and careful witness to the recent history of his country, including immigration.
The recent episode has seen the open letter promoted by Albania News cross unexpected borders. But do we really think we should expect an apology from the Italian prime minister?
Certainly we expected yet another rectification of the "I was misunderstood" although so far, none of this has been pronounced. The reason we have them, however, is another. It is not the phrase itself, which we know, as we know the comedian. We reason and we want to focus rather on the context. What we want to emphasize is the fact that Mr. Berlusconi could also have forgotten the tragedy, the misfortune. That social scourge of human beings that hit the Albanian woman at the time. But a topic that touches illegality was treated lightly. And that tragedy was born entirely on the threshold of illegality. This is not acceptable not only by morality but also by the duties of head of government.
You said that Berlusconi could also have removed the memory of that tragedy. Berisha, did you not ask any explanation?
Berlusconi can apologize if he wants to. Berisha no. He was there and could also live as co-responsible. He was in Albania, he saw, he knew.
But could he do something?
Every man of common sense in his small tries to work to improve things. He was not just a man. He took on his shoulders the task of bringing Albania to a new life. And instead with his politics, he succeeded in adding up the moral decline, to the economic backwardness in which Hoxha's communism had left us. I wanted to make an argument like this, someone said that power also implies responsibility, or so it should be. Berisha had a lot in those days. He was the President of the Republic but not only that, the power gravitated all around his person, therefore he also had to be a moral guide. Maybe it was but today, if you look back, I don't think you can be proud of it.
Well known similarities between Italy and Albania from this point of view, but we are talking about Albania now. Apart from the moral responsibility of Berisha, do you have anything else that you can impute to him?
Mistakes. He really brought us to the new life, certainly not the one we expected. He led Albania from totalitarianism to a "soft" dictatorship. Berisha had inherited an undeniable economic disaster but at the same time a well-structured state that he used only to maintain his power, demolishing the rest. He built nothing new. He gave no hope.
Is the fault therefore only of Berisha?
I did not want to say this. Berisha is simply the product of a failed system how could he embody the new? He found himself in a paradoxical condition from which he could not pull himself out and this was also the result of an indiscriminate attack on the values of the previous system, without posing the problem that some of these were something deeper, more ancient. Values that communism had incorporated. Without offering alternatives.
He is waiting for everything he has set in motion, he has had as a goal Berlusconi.
As I have already said Berlusconi is only responsible for his own joke, but as you say here in Italy not all evil comes to harm, something positive has come out.
Berlusconi, saying that sentence, stuck his finger in the wound, and this gesture hurt. And I am satisfied because it is no longer a wound in gangrene. I refuse to believe that the indignation of the Albanians was addressed only to that joke. Rather the fact itself. E'detta, it would make no sense for me to be indignant about a joke if it did not touch exposed nerves, deep wounds still capable of causing pain to re-emerge.
And how did Albania react?
Albania responded. The media reported the story and the Albanian prime minister had to justify his counterpart. I read it as a sort of self-defense. But however beyond this, the sad phenomenon of trafficking has had great repercussions in Albania. The most humiliating consequence can be read in revenge episodes. Even if the true reflection, the heaviest one, has taken place within the Albanian society, a change within the relationship between man and woman. The Albanian woman was betrayed by man, and rightly lost confidence.
How all this happened. Most women, in those years, came with a promise, often of love, sometimes kidnapped or sold by their family members. They were mostly girls from the less emancipated areas of the country. Campaign, more than 70% of the population. New life and love two hopes in which it is easy to get lost. The reality was the sidewalk. But another reflection must be made, I am thinking of the pride of the Albanians and how this eventually proved to be in vain as it failed to stem the phenomenon. From my countrymen I would have expected at that time. Knowing the context in which an immigrant can be found, I would have understood, even though I do not share the peddling, the low crime, but not this one. Rather than going back as bankrupt, and this is pride, they went beyond all limits. If pride and pride go hand in hand there was little to be proud of. It is not a kind of self-frustration but I think it corresponds to the simple truth.
But in that conference, apart from the joke, have we talked about anything else?
There was talk of a nuclear deal but I think it's just a scene. I do not believe that Albania is the most suitable place to host nuclear power plants as it is still a country at high risk of instability. Not only for its internal dynamics but also for what concerns the Balkan context. Let us not forget that peace in those lands is still maintained thanks to the presence of European troops under the auspices of the UN. In my opinion, as long as there is this presence, the Balkans cannot be considered stable.
We have already arrived in Europe. In all possible and imaginable ways, ships, dinghies ... often disappointed us and often we disappointed her. The entry into the European Union together with the question of the recognition of property (above all of the land) remain the warhorses of both political groups that today face each other in Albania. I think the same arguments will remain for the next election campaign as well, they won't find any more. They lack imagination.
So far "entry into Europe" has been experienced as "escaping to Europe". And as long as we continue to pray for this Europe to accept us, nothing will have changed.