Gani Bobi Center, IRP Networking and Zogby International, the three research institutes hired by major private TV stations have released their exit polls on the results of the parliamentary elections after the 19.00 seats on Sunday 28 June closed. All exit polls give the Democratic Party and its coalition "Alliance of Change" advantage over the Union for Change led by the Socialist Party. Berisha, Rama and Meta have recognized the regularity of the electoral process during the voting, but the question of the ballot counting is incumbent on the trial.
The exit polls
The Kosovar institute "Gani Bobi", hired by TV Klan, was the first to announce the exit polls shortly after the polls closed. With a margin of error of the 1.5%, according to the exit polls of the "Gani Bobi", on a national basis, the PD obtained the 47.8% of the votes compared to the 38.8% of the PS. The first coalition is the PD Alliance of Change with the 50,3% of the votes, followed by the Union for the Change of the PS with the 42.3%, the Socialist Alliance for the Integration of the LSI the 6,5% and the Alliance of the Polo della Libertà the 0,9% of the votes. However, the percentage of votes obtained on a national basis does not affect the allocation of seats on a regional basis. For the Kosovo institute, the exit polls for the individual regions assign the PD 76 seats, the PS 60 seats and the LSI 4 seats. All the other parties of the respective coalitions and of the Pole of Freedom Alliance did not get any seats.
More cautious, the Italian agency IRP Networking, hired by the Ora News TV, which has only released data on a national basis, interviewing 11 thousand voters with a margin of error of the 2%. The PD Change Alliance would have obtained from the 45 to 49.5% of the votes, the Union for the Change of the PS between the 40 and the 44%, the LSI Socialist Alliance between the 6.5 and the 9.5% and the Alliance of the Polo della Libertà between 1 and 2.5%.
Zogby International hired by the broadcaster Top Channel was the last of the three research institutes to publish its exit polls. With a margin of error of the 3,5%, with the 20% of the respondents who did not cast their vote, the exit polls of the American company assigns 69 seats to the PD, 55 to the PS, 4 to the LSI. Instead, 12 seats were not assigned to any party because, according to experts from Zogby International, the D'Hondt method used for calculating votes does not make it possible to assign the last seat in each of the 12 constituencies.
Calm and normality were the watchwords during the voting. However, when the seats were opened there were technical problems. Some seats were opened late, but in others there was no ink to mark voters and the material for electoral procedures. The climate of the early hours was marked by a question and answer made by press releases from the headquarters of the Democratic Party and the Socialist Party, distant 200 meters from each other as the crow flies, on two "technological" wits to the possession of socialist members of the commissions of the seats: a pen with a micro-camera to photograph presumed irregularities and a fluorescent lamp to verify the authenticity of the electronic identity cards. The intervention of the Central Electoral Commission (CEC) which considered illegal the use of means and material not provided for by electoral procedures, calmed the souls. The 395 foreign observers coordinated by the OSCE who monitored the elections in around 1400 seats, and will publish today the first report on the progress of the electoral process.
At the closing of the seats, Berisha and Rama, recognized the regularity of the electoral process during the voting and emphasized the highest participation in absolute values of the years of the transition. "The representatives of all the parties have run a decent electoral process," Berisha said at a press conference, expressing confidence that the members of the polling committees would act with the same responsibility in the polling phase, "the most important and delicate" of all the others. Furthermore, the electronic scrutiny and the possibility to follow in monitors this phase of the electoral process, would be worth to these elections the recognition of "more transparent and more modern voting". On the same wave line, due to the regularity of the process, Rama was also found who considered "the goal of guaranteeing a process of tranquility and democratic normality for the citizens who had gone to the polls en masse", distanced themselves from Berisha on the ballot stage , warning that the most difficult phase begins with the scrutiny of the votes and his party would have continued to protect the votes of the Albanians from possible fraud. Ilir Meta, leader of the Socialist Integration Movement, also acknowledged that "the elections until the close of the voting process went well", arguing that "Berisha is trying to influence the results in order to steal an undeserved majority" and inviting the PS "To take measures to protect every single vote".
Instead, on the coalition that will rule Albania in the coming 4 years, Berisha and Rama said they wanted to wait for the final results published by the CEC before singing victory, but the publication of exit polls complicated the situation. PD supporters and activists poured into the streets to celebrate the reaffirmation of democratic government. Immediate reaction of the PS that invited the PD not to compromise the process, defining the episode as an attempt by the Democrats to change the people's verdict. However, the demonstrations of joy, even if of a lesser magnitude, were not lacking between sympathizers and militants of the PS.
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