The Montenegrin project for the construction of four mammoth dams on the Moraca river, the main tributary of the Shkodra lake, has alarmed the WWF.
The construction of the plants is likely to damage the ecosystem of Lake Scutari as well as that of the Moraca river. "It is an alarm on a paradise unknown to most people who suffers the same fate as the Amazon or Congo basins, where the exploitation of water resources for the production of energy does not take into account the great heritage of biodiversity and the economic services linked to it ”declared the organization in this regard.
The plan, dating back to 25 years ago, provides for the construction of four dams to form a giant hydroelectric plant from 600 / 700 Gwh, energy sources that could be considered an excellent springboard for a future entry of Montenegro into the EU.
But Montenegro is not yet part of the European Union and is exempt from its environmental protection constraints for the construction of such facilities.
And this is precisely the crux of the game that caused the WWF to alarm and move various types of interests, including Italian ones.
The electricity company that manages the project is in fact controlled by the very Italian A2A (a Norwegian company, Statkraft had already refused to participate in the tender, the criteria of which were contrary to EU directives), not only of 700Gwh products, not all would cover the Montenegrin needs but a part of the energy would be exported to Italy.
Italy that will hardly be able to meet the EU's energy obligations (20% of renewable sources by 2020) and that, with this trick, would be able to avoid sanctions by importing renewable energy from third countries. After thenuclear hypothesis in Albania now it is Montenegro's turn, not surprisingly after the visit of then-Minister Scajola to Podgorica, Italy has become the first foreign investor in Montenegro. As we know everything has a price that the main opposition newspaper summarized in this way in June of the 2009 greeting the arrival of the Italian delegation in Podgorica. "The energy mafia has arrived" (Dan's title).
Today it is the WWF that raises the alarm recalling that the lake of Scutari and the Moraca river are protected by the Ramsar Convention, because in the center of a wetland where about 1900 plant species live and more than 400 animal species among mammals, fishes, birds, reptiles and amphibians, many of which are endemic.
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