Ferid Murad the 14 was born in September 1936 in Whiting, Indiana, in the USA, by Xhabir Murad Ejupi (originally from Gostivar, Macedonia, and emigrated to America at the beginning of the 1900) and Henrieta Bowman (American). He graduated from the University of Virginia, where he was also named Professor in the 1970. He worked there until 1981, before moving to Stanford.
In the 1998 he won the Nobel Prize for medicine with Robert Furchgott and Louis Ignarro with the following motivation:
"For discovering the implications of the nitrogen monoxide molecule in the cardiovascular system.
The family of origin
Ferid's father, Xhabir Murad Ejupi, emigrated from Gostivar at the age of 18 years, taking advantage of the turbulent waves of migration linked to the outbreak of the First World War. A Xhabir was given the opportunity to take a ship in the 1914 and, through Ellis Island, start a new life in America. After his first vicissitudes in New York, he managed to set aside money for his trip to Ohio, where he found work in a steel foundry. He also stopped in Detroit and then in Chicago, where he eventually settled down with his wife, Henrietta Josephine Bowman.
Graduated in chemistry in 1958 and in pharmacology in 1965, Murad's studies have focused for years on the effect of nitroglycerin on the human body.
He was awarded the title of "Honorary Doctor" by many prestigious international scientific and educational institutions. He also received the title of "Doctor Honoris Causa" from the South Eastern European University of Tetova.
The long-standing collaboration with chemist Robert Furchgott and pharmacologist Louis Ignarro yielded the three the Nobel Prize for Medicine in the 1998 with the following motivation 'for discovering the implications of the nitrogen monoxide molecule in the cardiovascular system'
One of his greatest professional successes was the invention of Viagra, now famous all over the world. It could be a coincidence, but a respected Albanian friend, Senator Bob Dole, would advertise American medical product based on his discovery, a significant coincidence.
Murad currently conducts research at the University of Texas and is a member of the NAS (National Academy of Sciences), the American Academy of Sciences.
The links with the Albanian world
Although he lives on the other side of the ocean, Professor Murad's ties to the Albanian world are not lacking. He published an editorial in the magazine 'Iliria' in the United States and one in the magazine 'Shekulli' in Tirana on the issue of Kosovo independence.
Curiously, the only two Albanians to receive the Nobel Prize were the Macedonian Albanians. In fact, in addition to the Professor, the first was Mother Teresa (Gonxhe Bojaxhiu) Nobel Peace Prize winner in the 1979.
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