We publish the intervention of Professor Giovanni Armillotta during the 12 June event organized by Albania News.
I greet the distinguished defendants and the kind public, and I thank the editor and editorial director Olti Buzi, the deputy director, Darien Levani, and the director in charge, Giulia Bondi, for having offered my intervention as well as an ambitious platform as well as an audience during the day of do you study "Ports Citizens - Cultures in growth between Italy and Albania" today, Saturday 12 June 2010, in Modena at the 'Francesco Luigi Ferrari' Center. I add to my homage, the helpers of Giuseppe Montagna of Paolo del Colle (Bari), and of Giovanni Nappi of Brescia who - due to questions beyond his control - could not be present at the event.
It is a real honor to be here today among "the few - the happily few - a handful of brothers" - as Shakespeare reminds us in Scene Three-Fourth Act of Henry V - brothers that the 20 March two years ago gave birth to quests 'initiative. And it is for me more pride to have started collaborating well a week ago, and exactly 13 March, when AlbaniaNews.it was still in an experimental phase.
I hope that my brief intervention will be satisfactory and even compilative, both in function of my modest knowledge, and in the entity of the vast object itself.
Albania and Italy had and have in common four well-defined sectors of the periodical press:
SECTOR N. 1. Albanians of-and-in Italy who publish newspapers in Italian, and this from the sec. XIX, as «The Albanian of Italy», 'Political Moral Letter Journal' (1) 23 was released for the first time February 1848; founded in Naples by the great literary, nationalist and revolutionary arbëresh Jeronim de Rada (1814-1903), up to the Italian online newspaper «AlbaniaNews.it» and the diary in Albanian «HermesNews.org» (Ancona, directed by Doriana Metollari ). In this regard, Comandante Paolo Muner will soon publish a study on the subject starting from the Albanian newspapers published in Trieste since the 16th century. XIX.
SECTOR N. 2. Italians who edit titles in Italian in Italy on Albania: on this last December I wrote 9 on AlbaniaNews.it '"We. Albanians in Italy ", the first Italian newspaper in the Italian language of the 2000s dedicated to Albania" (f. 2000 in Mortara, Pavia, with director responsible, Sisto Capra), and I limited the analysis of these newspapers to the period between the end of the second world war up to the present day. Later I won the The Arbëresh National Journalist Competition 'Lidhja 2003' speaking of «Albanian Reality» (f. 1988 in Rome, with director in charge, Rodolfo Valentini): magazine of the National Association Italy-Albania - whose presidents were Pier Francesco delle Sedie and Arturo Foschi - followed to "Socialist Albania" (f. 1968 in Rome, with managing director, Corrado Corghi).
SECTOR N. 3. Arbëreshët, and Albanesi in Italy, which publish periodicals in Italian and in Albanian. We recall the authoritative and widespread periodic arbëresh «Lidhja», f. in 1980 and directed by Protopresbitero Papàs Antonio Bellushi, to continue with the "Italians" "Bota Shqipare" and "Shqiptari i Italisë" (Rome) - f. 1999 and 2004 and directed by Roland Sejko - who also edit articles in Italian. Others are «Rrënjët», a monthly Italian-Albanian news and culture directed by Hasan Aliaj, f. in the 2003 in Grottaferrata (Rome); then: «Bulletin of Grottaferrata», «Flamuri i Arbërit», «Katundi ynë», «Albanian Nation», «Review of Albanian studies», «Vatra», «Ylli i Arbëreshëvet», «Zëri i Arbëreshëvet», «Zgjimi» , "Zjarri", and the very recent "Zëri i Arbërit", which began to emerge in the Saluzzo area (Cuneo) on Thursday 3 last June.
SECTOR N. 4. Italians who publish newspapers in Italian but in Albania, an episode placed strictly at the time when Italy and Albania formed the Personal Union between the 1939 and the 1943. Not to be confused, at this point, with the Albanian edition of "La Gazzetta del Mezzogiorno" in Bari started in the first half of the nineties in Tirana.
And I will focus on the 1939-1943 perioodo.
* * *
As part of the numerous initiatives taken over the years during which Italy and Albania were in the Personal Union - administrative, urban planning and economic development projects, with the 546 decree N. 7 of December 1940, published in Tirana on «Fletorja Zyrtare e Mbretërisë Shqiptare »(Official Journal of the Albanian Kingdom) N. 192 of the following December 19, the Distaptur Publishing Office was established.
The institutive law provided that the exclusive rights in Albania of the editions of all the publications having the character of political, social, economic and tourist propaganda, including illustrated postcards, be reserved to Albania.
The "Distaptur" was based in Tirana and operated within the General Directorate of Press, Propaganda and Tourism of the Presidency of the Council of Albania.
Over the years the 1940-1943 the Entity had a considerable publishing activity and published numerous books, now hard to find. Let us remember, among others, the volume 'Mountains of Albania' by Piero Ghiglione (Tirana, 1941; perhaps the first study of geographical nature on the Albanian mountain system) with an appendix in a report on the Albanian mountain inhabitants of Nicola Lo Russo Attona. An edition in Albanian language was published of this volume, for a greater diffusion in the cultural institutions of the country. We quote, among other publications of the Ente, 'War against Greece' by Silvio Bitocco (Tirana 1941 [?]), And in Albanian "Fashizmi dhe Evropa" by Ezio Maria Gray (1885-1969) [translation of 'After twenty years fascism and Europe '(PNF, Rome 1943)], and some volumes of a library of popular culture.
Important realization of the "Distaptur" was the publication in two editions - Albanian and Italian - of the magazine "Drini", 'Monthly Bulletin of Albanian tourism', the official organ of the DGSPT. The journal aimed to get to know the country and develop tourism in Albania. It was founded and directed by Francesco Tagliarini, born in Acquaviva Platani (Caltanissetta) the 15 April 1906 and died in Rovereto (Trento) the 4 January 1992. He was an official of the Ministry of Popular Culture and from 1 July 1939, assigned to the Presidency of the Council of Ministers of Albania, at the aforementioned DGSPT, with the functions of Consultant for tourism in Albania.
"Drini" had as its subjects geography, archeology, history, art, crafts, folklore, hunting, fishing, flora, mountaineering (Albania has one of the most beautiful mountains of the Balkans), as well as useful information for the visitor and the tourist
. Unfortunately sport was lacking, poorly developed and considered in the monarchic era (2).
The magazine - released by the 1940 at the 1943 - was based in Tirana in Viale Benito Mussolini 83, today Rruga and Kavajës, and the chief editor was Albanian S. Shkupi. Numerous scholars, university professors, journalists and Albanians and Italians collaborated with the magazine over the years. Among these we mention Vasil Alarupi, Gjergj Bubani, Father Zef Harapi, Ernest Koliqi, Skifter Konica, Perikli Mborja, Petraq Peppo, Stefan Shundi. etc.; the Italians: Antonio Baldacci (world-famous geographer), Luigi Baldini, Fernando Bernardini, Gianni Botta, Sandro Brunori, Piero Costa, Daisy De Fornari, Igino Epicoco, Piero Ghiglione, Enrico Giansanti, Adriano Grande, Emiliano Guidotti, Mario Lariccia, Enrico Lombardi, Nicola Lo Russo Attoma, Leandro Mazzoni, Indro Montanelli, Sestillio Montanelli, Marco Morosini, Sandro Pichi Sermolli, Luigi Santurini, Alessandro Serra, Pellegrino Claudio Sestieri, the Jesuit father Giuseppe Valentini, Turno Verdi, Paolo Veronese, and so on.
Finally - and this is a sector of particular interest to the Ente's activity - there was the edition of numerous series of photographs (the result of reports for «Drini», images both in black and white and in color) and postcards that reproduce paintings of landscapes and costumes painted by Albanian and Italian artists. The postcards were spread throughout Albania and are still particularly sought after by collectors.
[A glimpse of Viale Savoia, today Bulevardi Dëshmorët and Kombit (Collection 'Franco Tagliarini')]
The photographic shots for "Drini" were entrusted to experienced reporters, who traveled throughout the country, and illustrated with singular effectiveness the situation of those years in the smaller towns and centers of Albania, of the markets, of the customs of the various regions of the country, of everyday life and urban realizations that profoundly modified Tirana and other important Albanian municipalities.
In total, these are more than 400 photo-postcards which constitute an iconographic heritage of great importance, and which would be desirable to be properly exploited and brought to the knowledge of a wider public. Currently the collection is curated by "The Veltro Editrice" by Franco Tagliarini, son of the director.
We must also remember other newspapers. "Tomori", 'Political newspaper of Tirana', later the subtitle was changed to: 'Fascist Quotidiano of Albania'. The newspaper was published with some pages in Italian and others in Albanian and was printed in Tirana. The first issue is of 3 in March 1940 and the newspaper came out at least until August 1943. Then there was the "Tomori i vogël", weekly supplement of the homonymous newspaper.
Another bilingual edition published in Tirana was "Fashizëm"; political diary with the following subtitle: 'Organ i Partisë Fashiste Shqiptare' published in the capital by S.
A. Albanian publishing, and printed in the "Tomori" printing house. He left the 1939 at the 1943: in practice it was the first Italian-Albanian newspaper in Albania.
Another periodical was "Albania-Shqipni" whose first number appeared in April 1940.
The research does not pretend to be exhaustive by seeking the theme of specific in-depth studies both in the context of Albanian and Italian libraries.
(1) Visar Zhiti, "Si mësohet gjuha në Itali. Nga arbëreshët të bijtë and emingrantëve. Si përcillet gjuha shqipe mes shqiptarëve të Italisë të djeshëm and të sotëm? ", In" Bota Shqiptare ", N. 236, A. XII, 16-31 maj 2010, pp. 17-19.
(2) The only team sporting championship launched in the 1912-1939 period was the football league starting from the 1930.
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