Fulcrum of the evening will be the presentation of a book due out at the end of November and which has had among the authors Alessandro Leogrande and a great thinker of multi-ethnic dialogue, Alex LangerItalian politician, writer and journalist died in the 1995.
Posthumous publication, therefore, the curatorship of which was entrusted to Giovanni Accardo, member of the scientific committee of the International Seminar on Novel at the Department of Letters and Philosophy of the University of Trento.
The heart of the book is the Land of Eagles, which linked the two writers for different reasons. Langer had even had a political interest, as he held the parliamentary post of President of the Delegation for relations with Bulgaria, Romania and Albania from the 1991 to the 1994.
Dialogue on Albania brings together the articles written by the two authors during their travels and meetings in a country poised between an uncomfortable and heavy past and a present made up of uneven development, the result of the race to enter the European Union.
The extraordinary emotional baggage that emerged from these journeys, in which the two writers were able to learn about the amazing temperament of the Albanian people in the highlight of the historical phase of emigration to Italy, it becomes in this book an element of reflection on the current migratory movements. Generated, perhaps, by reasons other than Albanian ones but always accompanied by fears and prejudices for 'newcomers'.
But the journalist had already got to know the small Balkan country through the writings of Alexander Langer, who had so interested him that he wanted to commit so that they could be translated also in Albania.
Langer and Albania
Langer had direct experience in the Albanian field when, in the 1990 and as a green MEP, he carried out a diplomatic mission to Albania to test his political situation and try to understand if there was room for maneuver to establish a dialogue with the European Community.
He had found a country that was slowly recovering its own religious dimension, it was rebelling against the government of Ramiz Alia, heir to Hoxha, through the protest demonstrations of university students, he was giving life to the new democratic party. Steps towards a newfound freedom, but carried on with extreme chaos.
Going against the diplomatic protocol, he had often tried to meet the protesters to understand their motivations. He had returned to European offices with the knowledge that Europe had a moral debt to Albania. The writings on his 1990 travels were published a year later, giving rise to the 'Diary of Albania'.
In June of the 1991, a significant article entitled 'Shoot on those escaping from Albania' is published in the Trentino newspaper 'L'Adige'. The Balkan country is at the height of the flight of citizens towards Italy.
Langer has yet to see what the landing of the Vlora in Bari will be in August, but he already has a taste of the Italian political and structural disorganization at the reception of migrants with the landing of Brindisi.
Leogrande and Albania
Alessandro Leogrande had direct experience of Albania since he was a boy, because he often traveled there following his father, an official of the Apulian Caritas.
If Langer had, with his June article 1991, highlighted the shortcomings of the Italian reception system, Leogrande confirms this with the landing of the Vlora in the following August.
And when, in the '97, the tragedy of the Katër i Radës happens, Leogrande, who writes us a book-inquiry, puts as epigraph one of Langer's own writings taken from' Shooting on those who run away from Albania '.
In the middle years between '90 and' 97, there is only to understand the real situation of Albania and those transformations that began with the best wishes of renewed freedom, turned out to be the evil boomerang that led to the most massive wave migration that Italy has ever known.
The investigations that have made literature
The thing that immediately catches your eye when you read something by Langer and Leogrande is that, starting from purely journalistic works, so with a well-defined system, the interpretation that can be made of their works is much more elastic, adaptable to the 'feel' of those who are about to read.
Objective data and facts, transformed into books, literary works, which have their surplus value in the decantation guaranteed by the passing of the years.
The two authors have recorded the emotions of the people they met, their testimonies, their way of evaluating the lived reality and have returned all this to History, making the pages talk instead of people.
The mobile border
It is the fruit of migratory phenomena.
When I decide to leave my house, the borders that I have known since I was a child, I already know that I will have to look for and build others in the country where I will decide to stop. And it is not just a physical boundary, but above all an emotional one, because if you can get used to a new place sooner or later, it is more difficult to overcome the border of distrust and prejudice that precedes the migrant.
This, more or less, is the summary of the thought of both Langer and Leogrande.
Here, then, even works written twenty years ago take on an extraordinary modernity today. And they bring hope that, in a society that believes in multi-ethnicism, integration is a phenomenon that develops naturally and facilitates the involvement of the migrant in the social and economic fabric.
As happened to the Albanians, now perfectly integrated in Italy, many of whom have Italian citizenship and are business owners or very valid professionals in their field. But they do not forget their roots and transmit them in the first place keeping the native language alive at home.
Rruga Leogrande in Tirana
Albania has never forgotten the investigative effort of Alessandro Leogrande regarding the tragedy of the Katër i Radës and wanted to honor his memory by dedicating a road to it.
The 7 September 2018 was inaugurated in Tirana 'Rruga Alessandro Leogrande', near the Artificial Lake.