Once again Professor Lucia Nadin, unforgettable Italian ante litteram cultural attache in Albania at the beginning of the 90 years, continues the fundamental Italian contribution to the knowledge of the history of Albania.
The Statutes of Scutari, written by 1345 and remained in force until the year 1469, the year of the fall of Scutari in the hands of the Ottoman Empire, were found by Lucia Nadin in the early 90 years in the funds of the Correr Museum Library in Venice , which together with the Vatican Archives is the best source of historical information on medieval Albania.
The Statutes were published for the first time in 2002 with comments in Italian, republished in 2012 and finally published today in Albanian with prefaces by Lucia Nadin and Pëllumb Xhufi.
The history of Albanian law thus begins with Venice, at least a century before the publication of the Kanun of Lek Dukagjni, and is written in an uncertain Latin very contaminated by the Venetian, or perhaps it would be better to say in a Venetian enriched with Latinisms.
With an advance of almost 700 years on the first Albanian constitution, the city of Scutari gave itself a juridical order that regulated the common life of the city, and all the cities on the Adriatic coast subject to the power of Venice did the same, and in fact the presence of a city statute, not only gave citizens a body of rules to follow, but also limited the powers and arbitrariness of the Venice envoys, who in the absence of a written statute would have been entitled to act according to conscience.
Particularly interesting is the fact that the Statutes contained a series of practical rules for regulating activities and behaviors that still today constitute a problematic aspect of Albanian life, such as the rules for building a house on the public street, or on how to punish an unfaithful woman, or worse as sanctioning violence against married women.
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