The war of Chioggia between Genoa e Venice the8 August of the year 1381, with the peace of Turin. According to the treaty, although coming out the winner, Venice had to give up the Dalmatia all 'Hungary, but managed to annex many other Albanian possessions, among them: Durres (1392) Shkodër (1396) Alessio e Divastro (1403). The population had been decimated because of the war but also because of the plague.
Around the middle of the 14th century the political situation in Albania was very unstable so many Albanians, especially merchants, emigrated to Venice where they were welcomed with open arms.
Many of the Albanian immigrants were used initially as sailors and mercenaries: the famous ones Stradioti o cappelleti (name that derives from the name of a typical helmet, in steel or leather that they wore during the battle). Stradioti or stratioti (Greek: στρατιώτες, stratiotes; Albanian: stratiotët) Albanian but also Greek warriors, they were lightly armed mounted soldiers known for their courage and effective in their assaults.
From the fifteenth century until the middle of the eighteenth century the stradioti they were very appreciated and engaged by Republic of Venice and from Kingdom of Naples but other central-southern European states have also hired them in their armies.
Venetian galley 12th-15th century The use of rowers continued until the last century of the Serenissima. The name galea comes from the Greek γαλέoς (galeos), that is "shark" because it recalled the shape of this fish.
At that time, most of the Albanians came from the Morea (then the Peloponnese peninsula), where they lived in large numbers.
While in the south, due to the military services rendered, the Stradioti were rewarded with the concession of some territories, still existing in the south of Italy, in Veneto there are no permanent settlements.
The migratory flow continued also in the 1388 while the Serenissima granted the arrival of other Albanians, preferably of Catholic confession, on ships coming from Ragusa and from Ulcinj, port to Montenegro.
The minimum age was ten years and they had to pay six ducats to cross the Adriatic. Who could not pay, had to work for free for at least four years for the Venetian state but given that the need for the city of labor was much greater then the Senate decided to reduce the price to four ducats and the duration of alternative work, to pay for the travel, two years.
In Albania, after the extinction of the Balsa family, the inhabitants of Scutari had obtained the protection of Venice: in the 1474 they supported the clash against the Turkish army led by Suleiman pasha. In the 1479, Antonio di Lezze left the citadel defended heroically, with 450 men and 150 women who followed him to Venice carrying sacred objects, weapons and what was left of their riches.
The small Albanian community of the city of Scutari, survivors from the siege of the Turks, took refuge in the territory of the Venetian Republic and later settled in the town of Gradisca (city in the Friuli region of Italy) ...
- Lucia Nadin: Venice and Albania. A story of encounters and age-old ties, Veneto Region, 2013.
- Venice and its Lagoons
- Portal of scientific journal of Croatia
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- Gradisca d'Isonzo
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