Today is the 574 anniversary of the League of Alessio. The League of Alessio (in Albanian: Besëlidhja e Lezhës) was a defensive alliance of Albanian and Montenegrin princes, formed in Lezha (Alessio) the 2 March 1444, in the context of the rebellion against the Ottoman Empire.
Giorgio Castriota was the promoter and leader of the confederation Scanderbeg, lord of Croatia. The main members of the League were feudal lords in Albania, the Arianites, Balšić, Zaharia, Muzaka, Spani, Thopia and Crnojevići.
The anti-Turkish rebellion
The first enterprise of the Castriota occurred in the 1444, during the battle of Torvioll, in which he brought to light all his military wit, managing to get the better of the Ottoman army. The news of the victory of the Christians against the Turks spread rapidly in Europe, reaching the ears of Pope Eugene IV, who also meditated on holding a crusade. 
Despite the attention that the rebellion of the Albanians had aroused in the Christian West, no help came to Castriota. However, there were numerous victories reported by the Albanians over the following years. In the 1450 the siege of the castle of Croia by the Ottomans was unsuccessfully carried out and in the 1451 Scanderbeg formed an alliance with the Kingdom of Naples, although it received no concrete help. Even in the 1452 the Turks were defeated at Mokra and Mecadi and after the fall of Constantinople, the Albanians received the first financial aid from Naples, Venice and even the Pope.
Although every Turkish attempt, up until the 1462, had been rejected, Scanderbeg realized that he was unable to reinforce his ranks year after year, as the Turks could do, also because the Sultan always continued to send new armies, whenever there was a defeat.
However there were only in the 1460 and in the 1463. In the 1462 Scanderbeg succeeded in the enterprise of storming the important city of Ohrid and in the 1466 the League rejected a second siege to the castle of Krujë.
Following the failures, the Ottomans established a stronghold for the future invasions of Albania, building the fortress of Elbasan in the Shkumbin valley, although still in the 1467 they failed in the third siege of Krujë. Finally, when the Castriota died in the 1468 the League of Lezha began to disintegrate, although the northern Albanians, supported by the Venetians, continued the fight against the Ottomans. The end of the rebellion and the final subjugation of Albania is dated 1479, with the fall of the Venetian city of Scutari
The League of Alessio is considered the first unified Albanian state
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