The Italian-Albanian relations from the 1943 to the 50 years concern above all the problems left by the Italian occupation, namely the repatriation of the missing Italian settlers and soldiers, the litigation concerning Italian assets in Albania and war reparations.
The diplomatic relations between Italy and Albania, formally re-established in May 1949, gave rise to a first agreement only in the 1957, when, in execution of the peace treaty of Paris, Italy undertook to finance the Albanian purchase of goods Italian for a value of 2 million and 600 thousand dollars. The accession of the Enver Hoxha regime to the Soviet model, culminating in Albania's entry into the Warsaw Pact (1955, takes place within the framework of a post-war Europe divided into two opposing blocs. The role played by Italy in this phase it is that of a “frontier” country, the southern bastion of the Atlantic alliance, specialized in maintaining relations with uncomfortable and hostile neighbors such as Albania.
Economic relations between Italy and Albania in the 1950s are almost non-existent; trade with Italy, although greater than the trade of other Western countries in the 51, is only the 0,9 of the entire Albanian interchange.
Economic relations with Italy resumed significantly only after the break with China in the 1978, as part of an attempt by the Albanian leadership to diversify exports and imports geographically. And between the 1977 and the 1981 the number of countries that traded with Albania went from 30 to 50; Albanian exports had to be paid in currency, while imports had to be settled in clearing in a desperate attempt to maximize currency revenues. The Commerce
Albanian foreigner had to obey the principle "sell first and then buy" which, together with the legislative obligation of the balance of payments in balance, came from the political principle that they wanted Albania to preserve the most complete autonomy in the economic field in order not to be conditioned in the political sphere.
In this new situation, relations with Italy significantly improved. In fact, in the 1979, the Italian foreign trade minister Rinaldo Ossola went to Albania, the Italian prime minister to visit Albania since the end of World War II. This mission re-established more normal economic relations between two countries separated only by a small stretch of sea and a hundred Italian economic operators went to Albania.
From the end of the seventies the interchange between the economies of the two countries continued to grow so much that in the 1990 Italy became the first trading partner of Albania, resuming its natural role. The establishment of a new maritime line between Trieste and Durazzo bears witness to this new configuration of Italian-Albanian relations.
Economic relations with Greece, while improving considerably from the end of the 1970s and during the 1980s, were seriously affected by the state of war between the two countries, which was resolved only in 1987, the year in which a five-year cooperation agreement was signed economic, industrial, technological and scientific.
Prof. Gian Paolo Caselli
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