Polish archaeologists have discovered a 14th-century Turkish bath in northwestern Albania. This is the oldest object of this type studied in Albania so far - Professor Piotr Dyczek of the Research Center on Antiquity in Southeast Europe at the University of Warsaw told the PAP.
The biggest discovery this year was the Turkish bath - Hammam, with central heating system. Buildings of this type became common in the Ottoman Empire in the fifteenth century.
"The thermal plant seems to be the oldest object of this kind so far found in the country - believes prof. Dyczek. - We know very few ancient hammams. This makes our discovery even more interesting, because it allows us to see how the ancient Roman idea of the hypocaust, which is a system of heating the floors and walls of buildings with hot air, has been adapted by the Turks “.
In turn, among the ruins of one of the studied Turkish houses (17th-18th century), archaeologists have discovered a large collection of almost thirty glass bottles - the aryballos (ἀρύβαλλος). Some of these were made of dark glass, others of colored glass.
"It was an attempt to imitate the most expensive vases carved in colored stone. Regardless, glass jars were not in any case economic "- said prof. Dyczek. The researchers hypothesize that the discovery took place in the ruins of the place where the inhabitants of Scutari bought all kinds of perfumes.
Another important discovery made in Scutari by the Poles this year, important for the first stages of development of the city, was the identification of the Hellenistic historical center from the III century BC
"Now we know the position of the highest part of the fortress, together with the Hellenistic structures. We have identified some parts of two walls built with large blocks of squared stone, the so-called Cyclopean Walls "- explained prof. Dyczek.
In these ancient strata, archaeologists have come across a rare discovery: a completely preserved bronze sacrificial slab used in worship. Inside the vase, the remains of the last sacrifice have been preserved up to our times: bone fragments and animal ashes.
The ancient Scodra (present-day Scutari) is located near the Lake of Scutari. It is one of the most important places in the history of Illyria and the entire Balkan area. Since the Neolithic it has been an important and rich settlement at the crossroads of important land and water routes. Illyria reached the height of its power and splendor between the 4th and 2nd centuries BC
At that time it was the capital of the kingdom. Shkodër has not yet been subject to global excavations. That is why today we know practically nothing of the Illyrian and Roman history of the city, although it is mentioned in numerous ancient written sources. This year's excavations took place in May and June.
This article was originally published in PAP - Polish Press Agency Foundation, Science and culture in Poland by title "". Translation from English: G. LUKA
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