Albanian folklore has ancient origins and was handed down orally. This happens partly today. The oral tradition is very important for the Albanian culture as a fundamental component of the transmission is "listening". Listening intended as sound and gesture, and how to feel deep.
The characters are different belonging to different genres and each zone, even moving only a few kilometers, has its own modes.
Folklore, unlike a music that requires "style", is functional in everyday life and therefore easier to pass on orally. It belongs directly to man. Although Albania has a vast geographical range, it has a very rich and varied and the most important folklore, originating in the Balkans, as the great Hungarian composers G. Ligeti also talks about.
The music of northern Albania, accompanied by Lahuta or Çifteli, tells stories of war and morals, love and life, immigration and return, sometimes inventing them-creating them with great skill, thus resulting in the true authentic "Tell stories". The methods are rich in originality, deep and visceral and in the meantime fluid. The vocal approach changes significantly according to the instrument.
In the south the single voice is very present or accompanied by the magnificent polyphony called Iso. Originally they were two-part songs and then three more were added. The soloist intends to kiss the first notes, deeply rooted in the ancient pentatonic scale, and then the polyphonic fabric that fabulously imitates nature takes over; sometimes birds, sometimes the waves of the sea, sometimes describe words and sometimes just sounds. Very curious to note the similarity with the polyphony of Sardinia which, in turn, evokes Tibetan songs. This aspect of similarity belongs to ancient cultures.
In the dance authentic pagan tribal rhythms.
Apparently square dances with initial slow movements leading towards the explosion, elevation with uniform organic crescendo. Dances with high geometric shapes.
The folk music of Albania is considered a heritage ofUnesco since it contains modes, scales, authentic Albanian rhythms only and has passed down to our days melodies, known in the West as Greek ways.
These modes were, in part Albanians and Armenians, and partly belong to ancient civilizations such as India (with the Râga), China, ancient Persia.
The grandfather resides around a little round table with an oriental genre carpet, embroidered by the new brides of the house; Rhapsody that tells the children singing the story of their ancestors. He sings to nature, sings to animals, to life and death, to the valiant, to the one who has kept the Besa (reducing it a lot: the word) protecting it, if necessary, with death.
Sing in rhyme, and, to this procedure, the language lends itself beautifully without being trivial.
Accents, vocabulary give 4 + 3 eighths, nine-octaves, 5 / 8, silences, shooting ... dynamic, intensity, volume power of vocal tissue. Experimentation happens. Then ... sweetness and awareness, bitterness and rebirth and then ... falling sleep and thought for the day to come.
We tend to believe that we can interpret it by choosing it with will, not understanding so, that it is folklore that chooses who to interpret it.
Some of the most used tools are:
Zani-Zëri : the voice
Fylli: various flutes such as Kavall (in the areas of Gramshi) or Nay in Kosovo. Small and sometimes double flutes.
çifteli: 2 instrument strings tuned at a distance of fifth or fourth. sometimes to 3 ropes. It has a round case and a long handle. Mostly rhythmic but also melodic instrument.
Lahuta: to 1 rope made of ponytail as well as the bow. It is played cross-legged by resting it on them and intoning it in unison with the voice.
Zurla: the ancestor of the Oboe and the Clarinet and the Sax. Double narrow reed. It is combined with the Lodra instrument.
Lodra (Daulle): percussion instrument of a remarkable rhythmic power. It is used in dances.
Dajre: percussion instrument similar to the Tamorra of southern Italy but it is played by emitting sound and not only by rhythm.
Def: bigger than dajre. sometimes with rattles and sometimes without. Deep and reflective sound.
Hoping to have done something nice, Robert Bisha and Aion Teatër
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