18 September is the day on which Liberation Day is celebrated every year in Gjirokastër
The city of Gjirokastra has become the world heritage ofUnesco in July of the 2005. It was awarded the prestigious recognition of the status of "museum city" in the 1961 by the Albanian Government, which put in place a legal regime for the protection of the architectural heritage, allowing new buildings only outside the historic center. Thanks to conservation and restructuring measures, and even to its steep cobbled streets, the city has still preserved its charming atmosphere.
The austere and beautiful city of Gjirokastër (Gjirokastër) began to expand in the 13th century, descending from the Castle which today rises on its hill and which dominates the entire city and the valley of the river below. The view from the top of the Castle is fascinating, you notice the gray stone of the houses below and the slate of the roofs that blend with the colors next to the hill, distinguishing itself from it only because of the whitewashed walls.
Born in Gjirokastër
In the twentieth century the city saw the birth of its very famous son. The distinguished citizen of Gjirokastra is the well-known writer Ismail Kadare and the only Albanian writer well known to English-speaking readers. Kadare remained in Albania until the end of the 1990, later he decided to leave the country and go to France where he now spends most of his time.
Gjirokastra is also known because in this city was born one of the leaders of the partisan resistance in the Second World War as well as Albanian dictator Enver Hoxha and who continued to rule Albania for 41 years, until his death in the 1985 April. The Ethnographic Museum is located in the house where he was born in the 1908. Today this house is a good example of traditional Gjirokastra architecture.
Other local heroes are Çerçiz Topulli, who in the 1908 led a revolt against the Ottomans and whose statue stands in the square that bears his name, and the two young women who are commemorated through a monument in the same square, Bule Naipi e Persephone Kokëdhima, hanged by the Germans because they are suspected of being partisans.
Place to visit
- The weapons museum
- The ethnographic museum
- The castle of the city
- The remains of the archaeological site of Adrianapoli
- The archaeological site of Antigonea
- The Pajaz Khan mosque
- The church of the cross of Labove